Development - Agriculture in Africa

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AGRICULTURAL
DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
FACT SHEET
PROGRESS AGAINST HUNGER
AND POVERTY
More than 239 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa live
in hunger. African governments, international donors,
nonprofits, and other partners are helping Africa's farmers
grow more food and increase their incomes. Together, they
are proving that progress in agricultural development is not
only possible, it's happening.
FACT: Agriculture plays an important role
in Africa's development.
·Agriculture provides 70 percent of employment and 30
percent of Sub-Saharan Africa's gross domestic product.
·Helping Africa's smallholder farmers grow more food is
a proven pathway out of hunger and poverty. Almost no
country has managed a rapid rise from poverty without
increasing its agricultural productivity.
·Studies show that gross domestic product (GDP) growth Yuster Masano holds bags of freshly packaged drought-tolerant maize seed.
from agriculture is at least twice as effective in reducing Tanseed, an AGRA grantee, provides high-quality maize, sesame, and sunflower
seeds, as well as training in proper agricultural techniques, to small farmers in
poverty as non-agricultural GDP growth.
over a dozen surrounding districts (Morogoro, Tanzania, 2007).
FACT: African governments are leading the
way in investing in agricultural development. FACT: Africa's efforts to combat hunger and
·In 2003, the African Union adopted the Comprehensive poverty are working.
Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP), ·Sub-Saharan Africa's agriculture GDP growth rate
calling on African governments to dedicate 10 percent of increased from an annual average of 3 percent in the
their national budgets to agriculture and to seek 6 percent 1990s and 2000s to 5.3 percent in 2008.
annual agricultural growth.
·Ghana's agriculture sector is growing at more than 5
·Twenty-one countries have signed CAADP compacts, percent a year, and Ghana cut hunger levels by 75 percent
launching solid plans to achieve these goals. between 1990 and 2004, while the share of the population
·In 2008, 10 countries met or exceeded the 6 percent living in poverty fell from 52 percent in 1991/92 to 28.5
annual agricultural growth target: Angola, Ethiopia, percent in 2005/06. Ghana has made the fastest progress
Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, in the world on reducing hunger and is on track to achieve
Tanzania, and Uganda. the UN Millennium Development Goal of halving poverty
and hunger from 1990 levels.
·In 2008, eight countries reached or surpassed the goal
of dedicating at least 10 percent of their budgets to ·Malawi transformed itself from a net-importer to a net-
agriculture: Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, exporter of maize for four years running and even became a
Malawi, Mali, Niger, and Senegal. food donor to neighboring Swaziland and Lesotho.
GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM | OCTOBER 2010 www.gatesfoundation.org | 1

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Rwanda's government increased its investment in
agriculture by 30 percent from 2007 to 2009, resulting in a
15 percent rise in food production in 2008.
·In Ethiopia, hunger levels decreased from 71 to 46 percent
from 1990 to 2004.
FACT: Improved crops, quality seeds, and new
techniques are helping Africa's farmers raise
their yields and incomes.…read more

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