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Developing Writing

When a child is learning to write, it's not just about mechanical and physical control of
the pen or pencil, it is as much about:
Combining words and sentences to convey ideas
Recognising that writing generally has an audience
Using recognisable discourse and genre conventions
Manipulating language to…

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Understanding genre
From an early age children see specific writing genres, usually ones related to their
own experience, e.g. invitations for birthday parties, lists for Father Christmas.
Understanding register is important in order to meet genre conventions, and children
have to learn that vocabulary choices and grammatical constructions contribute to…

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Mode Features

Expressiv The first mode to develop because it resembles speech.
e Uses the first person perspective and the content is usually based on
personal preferences.

Poetic Develops gradually, requiring skills in crafting and shaping language, but
it encouraged early on because of its creativity.
Phonological features such as…

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Children have to learn and practice homophones so that they can use the right one
in their written word. Another difficulty is created by the addition of inflections, which
can affect the phonology of a word, as in `house' and `houses'.

The Five Spelling Stages

Stage What can a child…

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Grapheme ­ a written symbol, letter or combination of letters that is used to
represent a phoneme (the smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a
Orthography ­ the study of the use of letters and the rules of spelling in a language
Morphology ­ the area of…


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