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Page 1

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]

Détente revision notes ­ made for AQA specification

NOTE: These are only my revision notes; they were made only for me and I
have decided to put them up if they will mean anything to you. If they are crap
then don't use them…

Page 2

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]

Reasons for Détente


o Cuban Missile Crisis 1962
o Both sides had seen the damage that they
might have caused, so talks to improve
relations began in the early 1960s.
o However, fears and suspicions were still there,
both generally and over specific issues…

Page 3

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]

o Contacts with China
o -Both the USA and USSR were worried about
China.
o -USA because they were scared that China
+USSR would come together and threaten the
USA
o -USSR were quarrelling on other issues such as
their differing ideologies, even though…

Page 4

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]



How far was the Détente successful in the 1970s?

SALT 1 ­ 1972

o Strategic Arms Limitation Talks started in 1969 and led to the 1972 SALT
1 agreement.
o In SALT it was agreed that ICBMs and ABMs were to be limited in…

Page 5

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]

o USA was also developing relations with China; USA agreed to let them
join the UN.
o US table tennis team visited China and played matches there, alongside
Nixon visiting Mao Zedong. This `ping pong diplomacy' was going well
and this also helped relieve…

Page 6

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]

The failings of the Détente in the later 1970s

o The Mid 1970s was the high-point of the Détente and the USA was
happy that the USSR and China were still quarrelling.
o However Communism still triumphed in Vietnam and support or
Communism was…

Page 7

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]

Prior to the Soviet involvement in Afghanistan

o Afghanistan was relatively poor and barren it held an important position
in the rich oil fields of the Middle East
o Since they became independent in 1921, they were open to influence,
the Soviets formed strong…

Page 8

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]

o In retaliation the Soviet government accused the USA and China of
interfering.
o To show his disapproval in what the Soviets had done Jimmy Carter
made a few important decisions. He pulled out of the Moscow Olympic
Games, he advised the UN not…

Page 9

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Exam :Wednesday June 9, 2010 [Détente]


The war continues...

o After the first few months of fighting, the Soviets controlled their based
cities, but the Mujaheddin controlled the countryside. They were
fighting not only to regain their country as it was, but to overthrow it
and turn it into a…

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