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The UK is a leading nation in the battle against climate change, as a country we have
committed to reducing CO2levels to 80% of the 1990 level by 2050. Whether we
achieve this is a matter of debate.
National responses: UK
- The Office of Climate Change (OCC) in 2006- work across government
departments and coordinate responses to the threat of global warming.
Government 2006- Climate change programme- policies and priorities for
action were set out to address the issue of climate change in UK and beyond.
This included strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, manage the
impacts of climate change and improve energy efficiency.
Building regulations were tightened so that new housing were fully
insulated and had energy-saving boilers.
Vehicle excise duty and company car tax were amended to ensure financial
incentives for those driving vehicles with the lowest carbon emissions
The Carbon Trust was granted 65 million pounds from the government over
5 years to provide loans to small businesses investing in improved energy
Woodland creation schemes in Scotland were sponsored and a package of
measures designed to reduce nitrous oxide emissions from fertilisers were
The Climate Change and Sustainable Energy Act of 2006 placed an obligation
on the Department for Environment, Farming and Rural Affaris (DEFRA) to
report annually on levels of emissions of greenhouse gases and the success
of measures set out in its Climate Change Programme.
Recently, the Climate Change Bill (2008) aimed to manage and respond to
climate change in the UK in a range of different ways including:
Setting ambitious targets for reduction in emissions
An annual review of the initial targets by the Independent Committee on
5-year carbon budgets created which set limits on CO2 emissions
Encouraging the purchase of carbon credits from overseas
Expansion of the Renewable Transport Fuels Operation which will
increase the proportion of biofuels used in transport
Assisting local authorities to improve their household waste reduction
and recycling schemes
- Climate Change Act 2008 made the UK the first country in the world to have a
legally binding long-term framework to cut carbon emissions. It also created a
framework for building the UK's ability to adapt to climate change, including:
a UK wide climate change risk assessment that must take place every five
a national adaptation program which must be put in place and reviewed
every five years to address the most pressing climate change risks to
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The UK is part of a wider program as part of the European Union's emission trading
system which was the first large emissions trading system in the World. It was
launched in 2005 to combat climate change and is a major pillar of EU climate policy.
This emissions trading allows governments to regulate the overall amount of
emissions produced, but allowing companies to trade with each other for carbon or
emissions credits.…read more
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Technology- wind turbines put in place as the UK is one of the best locations
for wind power in the world, and is considered to be the best in Europe. Wind
power delivers a growing fraction of the energy in the United Kingdom and at the
beginning of August 2013, wind power in the United Kingdom consisted of 4,998
wind turbines.…read more