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Describe and evaluate the use of the behavioural approach to the
treatment of phobias (12 marks)


Point 1 Systematic desensitisation (SD)
A behavioural therapy designed to gradually reduce the phobic anxiety through the
principle of classical conditioning. If the sufferer can learn to relax in the presence of

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A02 Evaluation

Point 1 It is effective
Research support shows its effective
o Gilroy et al (2003) followed up 42 patients who'd been treated for
arachnophobia in 3, 45 minute sessions of SD
o Control group treated by relaxation without exposure.
o At both 3 and 33 months the SD…

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