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Describe and evaluate the use of the behavioural approach to the
explaining phobias (12 marks)

A01
Mowrer proposed the `two process model'
o Learnt through classical conditioning
o Maintained through operant conditioning

Point 1 Acquisition by classical conditioning
Learnt by association
Watson and Raynor (1920) ­ Little Albert
o Aim:…

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A02

Point 1 Good explanatory power
Mowrer's model is a good explanation of how phobias are acquired and maintained ­
leading onto therapies developed e.g. systematic desensitisation
Explains why patients need to be exposed to the feared stimulus, once presented with
the phobia and prevented from avoiding it, the reinforcement…

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