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Depression and The New Deal
The depression hits blacks harder than whites.
2 million Southern black farmers left the land in search of work.
Urban black unemployment ranged from 30-60% during this period.
White Americans were now prepared to do the jobs they previously regarded as `black' jobs
such as domestic service and rubbish collection.
White Americans set yo vigilante groups to try to stop black Americans taking jobs.
Black Americans were usually the last hired and first fired.
THE NEW DEAL
The new deal was the programme of the FDR to try to stabilise the economy and bring
recovery to America after the Wall Street Crash and the subsequent effects of depression.
In 1932 Roosevelt said `the country needs, and unless I mistake its temper, the country
demands bold, persistent experimentation. It is common sense to take a method and try it. If
it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something.'
THE AIMS OF THE NEW DEAL
1. To relieve human suffering.
2. To promote economic recovery.
This was achieved by:
1. Correcting the financial crisis.
2. Offering short term relief to the unemployed.
3. Promoting industrial recovery by increasing government spending.
4. Increasing the price of farm and manufactured goods to decrease production in order to
decrease supply and make the goods more valuable.
THE HUNDRED DAYS
This was the period from 9th March-16th June 1933.
During this period 15 bills were passed to stabilise the nation.
Roosevelt had the first of his `fireside chats' which were designed to restore confidence and
encourage the American people to rethink their savings to American banks.
FDR needed to restore confidence and hope to Americans as individuals. He needed to
create a new attitude within the nation.
MAJOR LEGISLATION OF THE FIRST NEW DEAL PROGRAMME
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Federal Emergency Relief Agency (FERA)
Public Workers Administration (PWA)
THE NEW DEAL AND BLACK AMERICANS
The New Deal helped the black Americans by providing 1 million jobs and 50,000 public
New Deal gave 500,000 black Americans skilled occupations training.
As a result of federal assistance, many black sharecroppers were able to become
The New Deal provided jobs in the world of entertainment and culture. Governemtn
sponsorship of biracial theatrical productions was hugely controversial.
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The `Works Progress Administration' was `colour blind' and by 1939 has 1 million black
Americans working for it.
Black Americans were also no longer to be discriminated against in terms of unions and race.
Grovey vs Townsend.
Scotttsboro case 9 young black men were accused of raping 2 white women on a freight
train in Alabama; aroused much comment about fair trials and racial prejudice.
In 1933 the Supreme Court ruled against Alabama's all-white juries.