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Demography

Demography means...
The study of populations. It includes the study of births, deaths and
migration that can lead to changes in population size and structure

Potential exam questions could be:

Examine the trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900

We are going to look at FACTS…

Page 2

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All of the changes in birth rate and fertility show
More women are remaining childless than in the past some of the
reasons for this might be:
­ Women are postponing having children until later average age is
now 29.

Births: The Reasons

1/: Changes in positions of women
(The…

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4/: Risk:
Beck argues that society today is characterised by risk:
Relationships are seen as a source of risk (e.g. divorce etc)
Children add to this risk by putting strain on the relationship.

E.g. quitting your job to bring up a child increases the risk of not being able to…

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The Reasons for these Changes:

1/: Advances in medicine:

Around 60% of the decline in mortality was due to a decrease in infectious
diseases.

Much of this was due to advances in medicine. The first half of this century saw
an increase in vaccines and antibiotics.

Around twothirds of the…

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Dependency ratio this is the amount of job's needed compared to the
amount of people to do them the non working old are a drain on the
system. The burden on the working population gets heavier.
Hirsch argues We should change the education system, get old people back
into education…

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