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Demography means...
The study of populations. It includes the study of births, deaths and
migration that can lead to changes in population size and structure

Potential exam questions could be:

Examine the trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900

We are going to look at FACTS…

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All of the changes in birth rate and fertility show
More women are remaining childless than in the past some of the
reasons for this might be:
­ Women are postponing having children until later average age is
now 29.

Births: The Reasons

1/: Changes in positions of women

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4/: Risk:
Beck argues that society today is characterised by risk:
Relationships are seen as a source of risk (e.g. divorce etc)
Children add to this risk by putting strain on the relationship.

E.g. quitting your job to bring up a child increases the risk of not being able to…

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The Reasons for these Changes:

1/: Advances in medicine:

Around 60% of the decline in mortality was due to a decrease in infectious

Much of this was due to advances in medicine. The first half of this century saw
an increase in vaccines and antibiotics.

Around twothirds of the…

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Dependency ratio this is the amount of job's needed compared to the
amount of people to do them the non working old are a drain on the
system. The burden on the working population gets heavier.
Hirsch argues We should change the education system, get old people back
into education…


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