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DEMOGRAPHIC MODELS

Hoyt Model




The Hoyt model is also known as a sector model. It is a model of urban land use proposed in
1939 by economist Homer Hoyt. The benefits of the application of this model include the
fact it allows for an outward progression of growth. As with…

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Burgess Model

The Concentric zone model also known as the Burgess model is one of the earliest
theoretical models to explain urban social structures. It was created by sociologist Ernest
Burgess in 1924.




The zones identified are:

1. The center was the CBD
2. The transition zone of mixed residential…

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Mann tried to apply the Burgess and Hoyt models to three industrial towns in England:
Huddersfield, Nottingham and Sheffield. His compromise model combined the ideas of
Burgess's concentric zones and Hoyts sectors. Four basic sectors are postulated: middle
class, lower middle class, working class, and lower working class. Each sector…

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Ullman and Harris set out to produce a more realistic model




The theory was formed based on the idea that people have greater movement due to
increased car ownership. This increase of movement allows for the specialization of regional
centers (e.g. heavy industry, Business Park). The model is suitable for…

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