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Democracy In the UK
The 2010 general election
By Chantelle Kaaria…read more

Slide 2

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Are things really as they seem?
If you heard that, in the most recent 2010 election there was:
1. Higher turnout
2. More woman MP's
3. The arrival of the first government since 1935 to have
secured more than half of the public vote You would be mistaken to believe that everything
was all rosy or that we were at a new age with the
current UK electoral system. However there was a
stark reality to the 2010 elections that has caused
huge disarray among the country.
1. Turnout was low in historic terms
2. House of Commons inefficient in portraying
British Society…read more

Slide 3

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The FALL of First-Past the Post
FPTP has long been questioned as the appropriate system for the UK because of its lack in giving smaller
parties a chance and more vitally, its disproportional, and to a wide extent inability it's unfairness, in
awarding seats. In the 2010, FPTP's one strength collapsed when the decision to elect a coalition
government as a result of the hung parliament was made (This is where no party has an overall majority)
Flaws of FPTP were clearly evident on a National Level:
Disproportional outcome and a bias towards Labour.
Conservatives won 36% of vote but were 19 seats short.
200 saw Labour win 35% of the vote equating to 66
Liberal Democrats lost out incredibly, winning 23% of the
Votes but only achieving an astonishing 9% of seats.
Flaws of FPTP were clearly evident on a Regional Level:
In Scotland the Conservatives won 17% of the vote but
only 1 of 59 seats.
Labour took almost 70% of Scottish Seats on a 42% vote
Labour won only 4 of 84 seats in the South of
Labour's vote mainly got distributed Liberal Democrats polled 21% in the East Midlands.
quite efficiently DID YOU KNOW!
turnout averaged 61% compared to 68%
in seats won by the Conservative Combined support for the Conservative and Labour fell by…read more

Slide 4

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The 2010 General Election under
different voting systems
Party First-Past- Alternative Single
The-Post Vote transferable
Conservative 307 281 246
Labour 258 262 207
Lib Dem 57 79 162
Others 28 28 35
Source: The Electoral Reform Society…read more

Slide 5

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Where do we go next?
The Alternative
After the results of the 2010 elections renewed more passionate demands for Reform where made.
The Coalition between the Torries and Lib Dems, as a result of this, have agreed to a referendum being put
place to change the current system of First-Past-the-Post System to the more favoured Alternative Vote
System. The AV system: How it works
A majoritarian system in which the
winning candidate in a single member
constituency must achieve an overall
majority of votes cast.
If no candidate wins 50% of the first
Features: preferences, the lowest place candidate
Ensures that MP's have broad support is eliminated and the second preference
within their constituencies of
HOWEVER: his or her votes are transferred . This
It has been said it may lead to the least continues until one candidate passes
unpopular candidate rather than the 50%
candidate with the most first
preferences being elected.
E;G: Liberal Democrats would
have won 22 additional seats if AV
has been used for the 2010 general
elections.…read more

Slide 6

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Social Group Turnout (%)
Turnout at the 2010 general All 64 (+4)
Social Class
AB 76(+5)
C1 66(+4)
C2 58(+0)
DE 57(+3)
Male 66(+4)
Female 64(+3)
18-24 44(+7)
25-34 55(+6)
35-44 66(+5)
45-54 69(+4)
55-64 73(+2)
65+ 76(+1)
Figures in brackets refer to change since 2005 Source: ipsos
MORI…read more

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