Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Hard Materialist: Thomas Hobbes
Only matter truly exists. The mind is just a special configuration of brain matter. There is no
problem of interaction because the whole process is physical.
Hard Materialist: Richard Dawkins
Dawkins see's religion as early scientific theory.
He views God as a way of explaining things that science has yet to explain and a very
improbable being.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Soft Materialist: John Hick
John Hick is a Theist and builds on Irenaeus' theodicy to make it more compatible with
science. Hick believes humans are made in the image of God, and have been given a unique
gift of freewill, which allows us to have experiences that will enable us to develop into the
likeness of God.
Evil creates Epistemic distance from God which allows humans to exercise their freewill so
we can choose to have a valuable relationship with God.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Soma: Body as a whole (including personality)
Sarx: Flesh and blood (physical body only)
Psyche: Emotions and sensations
Pneuma: Spirit, thought, spirituality, reason.
Nous: The thinking mind.
Plato believes in the law of opposition (everything has an opposite) death must come from
life, there is a continuous cycle of life and rebirth. The body wants empirical pleasures and
can distract the mind from gaining true knowledge. Soul directs the body, it tries to guide
the mind and body (like a charioteer).…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Traditional language divides inner and outer aspects of life (mental and bodily
2. Ryle said to describe the inner life, people often use bodily links and interactions
(heartbroken, headache etc).we speak of mental processes in a physical way.
These things constitute a category mistake, mistaking notions for something else. The idea
of the soul (ghost in the machine) was a category mistake and described nothing other than
human behaviours. Talk of a soul is talk of something separate when there is nothing.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Latent telepathy: transfer of information with a deferred time lag.
Precognitive telepathy: transfer of information about the future state of an individual's mind.
Zener Cards: cards marked with 5 distinct symbols. One individual sends the image and
another receives. To demonstrate telepathy the success rate must be repeatedly higher
than 20%. It is said to work using a radio wave and is emotion sensitive and seen to work
better with friends.
Link to life after death; spiritualism.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all resources »