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The effects of day care on social developments
Question you should consider: does day care influence the way in which children develop (in terms of
things like attachment and effects of peer relations)- how does day care influence the way children
There are many types of day care. Here are just a few examples:
-school -child minder -baby sitter -play school etc.
There are two main types of developments that studies have looked into, into how day care
influence these developments. These are:
Effects on attachments (positives)
Case study: Clark and Stewart et al (1994)
In a study of 500 children found that children receiving up to 30 hours a week of day care
were no more distressed than other children who had attended much lower intensity day
care when separated from parents in a strange situation (case study). Roggman et al (1994)
-compared infants who had remained at home and found no difference in attachment with
These studies suggest that day care has no ill effects on attachment or social development.
Effects on attachments (negatives)
Case study: Belsky and Rovin (1988)
These psychologists found support for Bowlby's theory of continuity (permanent harm) they
found that if children was in day care for more than 4 months, in there 1st year (age), they
were more likely to develop insecure attachments. This is due to, as children spend more
time in day care, they are less likely to form that vital monotropy attachment with their
caregiver (in bowlby's case their mother) so child is at risk of forming insecure attachment.
Effects of peer relations (positives)
Common sense tells us that early opportunities for children to be introduced to social situations with
other similar aged children, will help with peer relations. Most evidence supports this hypothesis.
Case study: Shea at al (1981)
Video tapped children in a day nursery and compared behaviours of those attending, for
different lengths of time.
Findings: found that children who attended more regularly were more active, more sociable
in that they were looking for people to talk to, and made more contact with others. This
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Negatives: No evidence suggesting that day care harms peer relations, however:
Case study: Sroufe et al (2005)
Minnesota longitudinal study did find support for Bowlby's theory of continuity hypothesis.…read more