Darfur, Sudan Case Study

Case study on the conflict in Darfur including the background, causes and impacts set out in terms of social, environmental, political and economic points.

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2003 - 2009/2010
The Darfur Conflict is an on-going civil war centred on the Darfur region
of Sudan. It began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation
Movement/Army (SLM/A) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) groups
in Darfur took up arms, accusing the Sudanese government of oppressing
non-Arab Sudanese in favour of Sudanese Arabs.
How it started
Early 2003 - Rebel groups attacked government targets
The Janjaweed fought back and attacked villages - slaughtered men, raped women, burnt houses and stole
whatever they found.
Air raids on rebel groups villages were carried out by the government.
Sudanese police were deployed but there was little faith in them.
Although the Sudanese government publicly denied that it supports the Janjaweed, it has been providing
financial assistance and weapons to the militia and has been organizing joint attacks targeting civilians.
Economic Social Environment Political
Causes - Rebels - People were killed - Janjaweed -Gov blocking areas and demanding
of wanted shares randomly wanted to take visas
conflict of the oil - anger in both over the best -Gov wants an Arab nation
revenues for groups farming land that -Hassan al-Turabi (ruling Islamist party's
education, - Africans wanted is inhabited by second most powerful man) was ousted
health care etc. greater the black Africans - he had recognised the Africans. The
representation - 1984 - drought. Rebels lost confidence in government.
Africans barred -Qaddafi (Libyan president) used Darfur
the Arabs from in the late 1980s as he attempted to
using their land create an 'Arab super-state' and
for grazing, gov launched an attack on Chad from Darfur.
did nothing. -Competition between Arabs and
Africans for political offices since
England left in 1956.
-Government has agreed to share the oil
revenues in the South of Sudan with the
Christians and Africans - encouraged
rebels in Darfur.
Impact -Relying on aid -300,000-330,000 -Janjaweed now -Violence spilled over boarders
of -Reduction of civilians killed owns most of the -International court ask for the arrest of
conflict active farmers -3 million fertile land. the president Omar al-Bashir for
-Poor displaced (UN -Villages have genocide, crimes against humanity and
infrastructure- estimate) been burnt down. war crimes.
difficult to -Not enough food, -Water supply -George Bush called it genocide.
deploy troops water or meds. was deliberately -No trust in the gov
from UN and contaminated - -Ethnic cleansing
AE affecting human

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Villages destroyed,
-Poor conditions
at refugee camps
In Darfur, over 5 million people have been affected by the conflict.
Killing decreased in 2005 with the arrival of more peacekeepers
Sept 2005, things got worse again...old violence returned - Janjaweed groups killed and raped Africans and
sometimes pursuing them across Sudan's western border into Chad and attacking villages there.
Not clear
2006 - peace agreement failed - more widespread violence
Violence has calmed since.
Rebels - technically started the war but demands aren't outrageous.…read more


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