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Dance Club Remix (DCR)
House: 4/4 beat (like all dance music), with a heavy repetitive bass line. The drum machine features
Techno: Techno is fast (between 130 and 150bpm) but hardcore techno could be even faster. The
beat is a very strong `4-to-the-floor' beat, and there are rarely any voices or live sounds.
Techno sounds very mechanical and electronic.
Jungle/Drum `n' Bass: Very fast, can be up to 170bpm. It is drum-based with a very deep, loud bass
line. Short, fast beats are played in between the main beats, giving the
music a very disjointed feel. These short notes are called `break beats'.
UK Garage: takes many features from Jungle and Drum `n' Bass, and modern RnB. Vocal sounds are
used like body percussion.
Trance: A very repetitive sound. Slow chord changes over a fast beat beneath make you feel as if
you are in a trance. Echoey, electronic sounds are used, as well as lots of effects.
Ambience: Slow, sometimes jazzy. Usually sounds chilled out and other-worldly.
Dance music is constantly changing and evolving. New sub-genres are created almost everyday! But
don't worry about those, just know the main ones.
The Technology and Terminology:
Mixing: DJs work twin record decks using either vinyls or CDs, so that they can play more than one
track at a time; mixing. The tracks have a similar bpm and are either in the same key, or
Scratching: DJs turn records backwards and forwards by hand. The stylus makes a `scratching' sound
in the grooves of the vinyls.
Sampling: DJs may choose to use snippets of other people's recordings in their sets, over the top of
other tracks. This may be a rhythm, tune or voice.
Looping: Recordings of short patterns of notes (about 4 bars long) are repeated over and over
again to create longer patterns.
Digital Effects: Special effects are used to create interesting sounds like reverb and echo. Another
popular one is a `vocoder' which makes human voices sound like synthesised sounds.
Quantizing: This is done with computers which can shift a beat backwards or forwards to the nearest
semiquaver, creating a piece in perfect time. Lots of DCR music is quantized to make it sound
robotic. Groove quantizing is the opposite of this; it makes computer generated tracks sound
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Sequencing: This is a way of building up a song by recording lots of tracks one over another. It's
usually done on a computer. The tracks could be electronic sounds, samples, real instruments
and voices, synthesised instruments or a mixture of all of these.
Remixing: a remix is an alternative version of a piece of music. Pop and rock songs can be remixed to
create new dance tracks; they are sped up and given a fast dance beat.…read more
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The big clubs in Manchester (the Hacienda and Thunderdome) made it a very popular place to be for
clubbers. The 1980s party atmosphere in Manchester led to it becoming known as `Madchester.'
This in turn gave rise to groups such as the Happy Mondays and The Stone Roses which were
Britpop/indie/dance mixes. House and acid house music was primarily played on the `Madchester'