Cultural Capital

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Michaela
  • Created on: 20-05-13 18:49
Preview of Cultural Capital

First 253 words of the document:

Cultural capital
Bourdieu: three types of capital
Bourdieu (1984): cultural and material factors contribute to educational
achievement and are not separate but linked to one another. Uses
`capital' to explain how m/c are more successful
Capital refers to wealth but also economic capital. He identifies two
further types:
Educational capital (qualifications)
Cultural capital
Argues that m/c have all three capitals
Cultural capital
Refers to the knowledge, attitudes, values, language, tastes &
abilities the m/c have
He sees m/c as a culture as a type of capital, i.e. wealth, gives
advantage to those who have it
Like Bernstein: he argues that through socialisation, m/c children
have the ability to grasp, analyse and express abstract ideas
Middle class: more likely to develop intellectual ideas & know
what school needs to be successful
Middle class children advantaged in school because abilities &
interests are valued and rewarded because schools are not
neutral, but favours and transmits the dominant middle-class
Working-class children school devalues their culture as `rough' &
inferior. The lack of cultural capital leads to exam failure.
Most w/c children find that education isn't for them so either end
up leaving, playing truant or don't even try
Educational and economic capital
Bourdieu argues that educational, economic and cultural capital
can be converted into one another

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

E.g. middle class children with cultural capital are better equipped
to meet the demands of the school curriculum and gain
In a similar way, wealthier parents can convert economic capital
to educational by sending children to private schools & paying for
extra tuition
Leech and Campos (2003): m/c parents more likely to be able to
afford a house in the catchment area of a school that is high in the
exam league tables (selection by mortgage).…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Identifies 3 main types of parents: privileged-skilled
choosers, disconnected-local choosers & semi-skilled choosers…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Disconnected-local choosers
Gewirtz concludes that middle class families with cultural capital
and economic capital are better placed to take advantage of the
available opportunities for good education
Although in theory, education market gives everyone greater
choice, in practice those who possess cultural and economic
capital have more choice than others
Whitty notes: marketisation has not led to more opportunities for
working class children.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Page 6

Preview of page 6


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »