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Bourdieu: 3 Types of Capital
· 1984
· Argued that both cultural and material
factors contributed to success and they
are interrelated.…read more

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Cultural Capital
· Refers to knowledge, attitudes, values, language, tastes and abilities
of the middle class
· It's capital as it helps the person who possesses it achieve
educational success.
· He believed that through socialisation, middle class children are a lot
more developed than working class children when they start school
due to the way their parents brought them up. This tends to mean
the ability to grasp and change ideas and to express how they feel
and they are more likely to understand what the education system
wants from them.
· The education system tends to put middle class children at an
advantage due to the fact that they language etc that schools use
are what the child is used to so they don't need to learn how to
understand it like the working class child.
· Due to working class children being behind from the beginning, they
tend to believe that education isn't for them so give up, leave early
etc.…read more

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Educational and Economic Capital
· Bourdieu believed that as a parent, you
can change both kinds of capital to change
the lifestyle you want fro your child e.g.
WEALTHY PARENTS= change economic to
educational capital = child goes to private
MIDDLE CLASS PARENTS= cultural capital
of home suits child's upbringing= high
grades…read more

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A Test of Bourdieu's Ideas
· Sullivan (2001) used questionnaires on 465 pupils in 4 different
schools. She asked them about their cultural capital (TV
programmes, hobbies, habits etc and compared it to a vocabulary
and knowledge test.
· She found that those who had a more complex culture (read more
books, went to museums etc) had a higher test score. This shows
that having more culture in your life improves your educational
· However, those who scored highly and had a high cultural capital
level were middle class, which shows that their money managed to
get them a better cultural knowledge or possibly their parents had a
similar upbringing and wanted their children to have it to.
· This newly found knowledge means that many working class
children won't be able to have a high cultural understanding due to
lack of money to see museums, art galleries and to buy equipment
to enhance this.…read more

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Gewirtz: Marketisation and Parental
· Her study is based on 14 London schools
and she interviewed teachers and parents.
She also used school data.
· She found differences in economic and
cultural capital can lead to how a parent
chooses their child's school.
· She identified 3 types of parent…read more

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