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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

Lesson 1: What is a coast?

Coast = the part of the land most affected by its proximity to the sea, and the part of the ocean
most affected by its proximity to land.

Coastal zones
· "Zone of transition"
· The coastline is the frontier between…

Page 2

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

Lesson 2: What are the key coastal features?

Coastal systems
The main components of a coastal system are:
1) Fluvial
2) Sub-aerial
3) Coastal
4) Marine
All components are closely linked, meaning that a change in one of them will affect them all.

A systems approach is…

Page 3

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

The coastal system is open because there are inputs and outputs of both water and energy. In a
closed system, there would be no inputs or outputs.

Cliff face = the top and vertical sides of the cliff
Cliff foot = the bottom of a cliff…

Page 4

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

Negative sea level change (isostatic
and/or eustatic change) leave former
wave cut platforms above sea level as
raised beaches.

Lesson 3: How does geology impact the
Lithology = the mechanical and chemical
properties of rocks
· Coherent rocks = with materials
strongly bonded and resisting erosion,…

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

Page 6

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

Planform of coastline
The direction in which rocks run in relation to the coast influences the planform (view looking
down from above).
· Accordant/Pacific coasts
Coastlines where the principal rock outcrops run parallel to the cost
Often produce straight coastlines
· Discordant/Atlantic coasts
Coastlines where the principal…

Page 7

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

2) Longshore drift continues in the direction of the prevailing wind. The waves deposit
material in the shallow water, creating a new strip of land.
3) A change of wind direction creates a curved end to the spit. Water trapped behind the
new land becomes a salt…

Page 8

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

3) Sheltered inlets ­ shelter ships and provide suitable land for docks. Larger settlements
develop to accommodate the shipping trade.
4) Flood/storm protection ­ mangroves/reefs are a natural form of coastal protection.
5) Recreation/tourism ­ coastal areas are popular tourist destinations. Water based
recreation is fashionable. Coral…

Page 9

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

· 4000 more jobs in the service sector
· Growing population due to migration

How does it appeal to a range of tourists? What is being done for the future?
· Older people ­ it's relaxing, there's less · Language school and Bournemouth
emphasis on amusement…

Page 10

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GeographyCrowded CoastsJanuary/February 2015

The Butler model

1) Exploration ­ small number of visitors
attracted by natural beauty or characteristics.
Few tourist facilities exist.
2) Involvement ­ limited involvement by
local population to provide some tourist
facilities. Tourist seasons are established.
3) Development ­ large numbers of tourists
arrive. Control is…


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