Crises of the Cold War

Notes on the Hungarian uprising

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  • Created on: 07-11-11 17:53
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Khrushchev made a secret speech in February 1956 where he denounced Stalin's brutality, and his
want for a `peaceful co-existence' with the West, however this change in policy did not stop the
USSR from crashing uprisings of independence from Easter Europe communist controlled countries.
Background information that led up to the uprising:
Hungary had been treated as a defeated country by the Soviets after WW2 and had many
reparations taken from it.
A communist government was then established under Rakosi who supported Stalin and any
opposition was eliminated.
Rakosi was replaced by Imre Nagy after Stalin's death, but Rakosi managed to seize power
again in 1955
The Hungarians hated Rakosi, his policies and his secret police, and after witnessing the riots
in Poland in June 1956 where Khrushchev had accepted a change in leader, were keen for
Khrushchev to implement the same change in Hungary.
The Hungarians blamed Rakosi and the communist policies for the fallen standards of living
and increased poverty, and saw this uprising as an opportunity to end Soviet domination,
improve Western relations, and improve the economy therefore bringing in a higher
standard of living.


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