Crime and Punishment Revision Notes

Revision notes for the Crime, Punishment and Policing section of the WJEC History GCSE. This mainly focuses on the crime and policing aspects and does not go into detail about punishments. 

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GCSE HISTORY…read more

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Old crimes include:
Vagrancy, Treason, Heresy, Smuggling, Highway Robbery, Protest.
New crimes include:
Computer crimes, Motoring crimes, Hooliganism, Terrorism, Human Trafficking and
Drug Crimes.
The causes of crime include:
Poverty, Religious Beliefs, Unemployment, Technology, Alcohol, Changes in Society.…read more

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Old Crimes
Heresy is the crime of going against the religious beliefs of the
country and the monarchy.
It was a crime during the Tudor period and was caused by the
frequent changes to the countries religion. Some monarchs were
protestants whereas others were catholic so heresy was made a
crime to deter people from believing in the `wrong' religion.
Heretics were burnt at the stake in public as it was believed
burning would stop the persons soul going to heaven.…read more

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Old Crimes
Vagrancy was the crime of being unemployed. The idle poor could
work, but wouldn't and often turned to trickery and begging.
It mainly occurred during the 16th and 17th centuries.
It was punished by whipping or branding.
Vagrancy was due to a growing population, bad harvests, rising
inflation and the dissolution of monasteries amongst other causes.
These events all lead to the poor becoming poorer.…read more

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Old Crimes
Treason is acting or speaking against the monarchy.
One of the most famous acts of treason was the Gunpowder Plot
of 1605.
Treason was punishable by death.
It was usually caused by a disagreement of religious beliefs
between a citizen and the King or Queen and links to heresy.…read more

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Old Crimes
Smuggling is the crime of illegally transporting goods between
Smuggling was very common because of expensive and ever
growing taxes on many everyday products. This meant that poor
people could not afford all necessities.
Smuggling was most commonplace during the 18th century.
It was punishable by death however very few smugglers were
caught because they were supported by the poor who bought
good from them.…read more

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I have an exam in two days, thank you this was helpful.

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