Creation, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies AQA

  • Religious and scientific beliefs on creation of the universe and mankind
  • Arguments on the above
  • Is intelligent Design religion or science?
  • Are religion and science in conflict, harmony or separation?
HideShow resource information

Slides in this set

Slide 1

Preview of page 1

1. CREATION
1.1 Explain religious views on creation
· Religious views on the nature of creation greatly vary within Christianity, though most agree
on core theistic views
God Created man in his
Pinnacle of creation ­
Omni/Transcendent image ­ with similar
Ex Nihilo 6/24 hour periods Stewardship over the
created the universe spiritual and moral
earth
qualities
· Fundamentalist Christians believe the story of creation as told in the Bible (Genesis) to be the literal
word of God ­ literally true. ­ the universe was created in 6/24 hour periods. The Bishop Ussher calculated
the Earth's Age based on the ages of the prophets in the bible to be 6 ­ 10,000 years old. Young Earth
Creationists such as Ken Ham have devised "Creation Science" to support this view. Eg fossils = evidence of
Noah's Flood.
· Old Earth Creationists on the other hand interpret the 6/24 hour periods to be symbolic of longer periods
of time
· Conservative Christians such as Presbyterians believe the story of Creation, as told by the Bible though
"divinely inspired" needs to be reinterpreted to include recent discoveries in science. Although anything that
outright contradicts God's as the creator should be rejected
· Liberal Christians believe that the creation story is entirely symbolic ­ a representative myth or legend. And
that the world view needs to be reconstructed to fit in with modern science
· Indeed Liberal Christians such as Paul Tillich argue that God is a sustainer, in a "continuous creation"
whereby He is immanent in the universe at all times and intervenes directly to sustain natural processes.
Such a view is more compatible with accepted scientific views on creation eg Evolution
· Deists on the other hand, completely reject this view, claiming God is solely transcendent - only the ex
nihilo creator, and has no other role in the universe. The universe is an "independent machine". We may
know God through REASON.…read more

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

1.2 Explain Scientific views on creation
Hydrogen and Helium Once these stars burned
grouped together out, Supernovae occurred
1. Scientific views on creation are forming stars and creating the elements
based on a materialistic world view ­ galaxies Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen
natural causes. Up until the 1960's
most accepted was "Steady State",
however the standard model today
is the
Over time the universe
cooled, creating
hydrogen and helium Out of which all
BIG BANG! other life formed and
evolved
First suggested
by George 10-35 seconds after, cosmic
Gamov inflation occurred, whereby
rapid growth caused the laws of
physics e.g. Gravity to come into
effect Theories on the end of the universe
1.THE BIG CRUNCH ­ the universe keeps on
expanding until density becomes too much and
the universe collapses in on itself.
Some speculate OSCILLATING UNIVERSE ­
whereby the universe is an endless cycle of
Bang/Crunch 2. HEAT DEATH ­
The universe originated from the universe never ends, eventually all energy
an infinitely small/dense point and heat depletes until can support no life
called the Space Time Caused an explosion of
Singularity, that came into hot/dense matter that created
existence "ex nihilo" time and space…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

m De
eis
an
m at
=
­h
sp
un­
eci
no
de
al 6.
rmen
sig
d
in
nif
es=
ica
· Tino 5.
co
nc
m
repu
e
e rp
qu
(pi
sp
Chos 4.
ali
· nn
an
aoe
tie
acl
­
tic
s
e)
13
vs
of 3.
vs
bill
pla
Go
dy
vs
nn
d
ste
6-
Na
ed
· eg
le 2.
10
tur
,
im
ol
,0
al
or
m
ogi
00
vs
de
an
cal
ye
Su 1.
re
en
wo
ars
pe
d
ce
rld
rn
ev
/O
vie
at
en
m
w
1.3 How do Scientific Beliefs challenge Religious Beliefs?
ur
t
ni…read more

Slide 4

Preview of page 4

1.4 Which are more convincing ­ rb/sb?
INTRODUCTION
Many scientists claim Sb on origins discredit rb and will be able to explain all. However rb's
rebut these claims
1. Ex Nihilo is compatible with 1st cause (compared with "steady state"
2. Regardless of challenges to nature God and relationship with humanity (1. human life
less central 2. chaos/gradual), doesn't contradict the possibility of a supernatural cause
with natural consequences
3. Science disproves Genesis timescale, however OEC Gerald Schroeder claims 6 periods =
symbolic of longer periods of time = uncanny parallels between the order of creation in
Genesis (LIGHT, WATER, EARTH), and the order proven by science. Shroeder claims
they represent "identical realities" just on different scales.
"Let there be light" = separation of photons in the early universe
4. F.R.Tennant tries to reconcile Theism against claims of Deism
Precision of t he conditions in the universe are just EXACT to support life ­ suggests and all
loving God who intended the universe to support life.
CONCLUSION
Science threatens fundamentalist Christian beliefs on immanence, personal relationship
Belief in God as the creator is still a reasonable claim.…read more

Slide 5

Preview of page 5

1.5 Religious and Scientific beliefs on
creation of mankind
Scientific
Religious
· Mankind created by God, in His
"image" with similar spiritual and
Materialistic view based on Theory of Evolution Charles
Darwin "the origin of species". Dawkins ­ natural process,
moral qualities not God...creation tailor made itself through random
mutations
Most traditional Christian view on
how life formed = based on Genesis ­ Life evolved from a simple cell organism (the common
"ex nihilo" 1.light 2. water 3.Earth 4. ancestor) to more complex life forms e.g. Humans
Fish Birds 5. Animals 6. Humankind
NATURAL SELECTION Mutations occurred in
the cells of simple cell , that cause
Created first man and then woman characteristics advantageous to that organisms
from His rib (Adam and Eve) who lived survival e.g. Longer neck in giraffes with which
in states of perfection in paradise to reach scarce food source.
Garden of Eden
SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST The favourable
gene passes on to offspring, and eventually
Evil and suffering (eg death and becomes prominent in the species, where those
sickness) came into the world, when who don't inherit the gene die off in competition
Adam and Eve committed the first for basic resources
Original Sin, by disobeying God's Will
MICRO EV = where evolution occurs in the
This was possible as omni-benevolent characteristics of one species . Darwin observed this
God created humanity with Free Will, and in Finches
therefore the possibility of choosing evil MACRO EV = where gradual changes over large
actions in order to preserve "special
periods of time cause the branching of one species
dignity", as opposed to creating us like
into another e.g. Apes into humans
"good robots" with no choice.…read more

Slide 6

Preview of page 6

1.6 How do scientific beliefs challenge religious beliefs on the creation of
mankind?
Natural vs Supernatural
Not planned ­ random chance
We have no purpose, or
Fossil record proves time span 4 special dignity ­ Dawkins
Dawkins ­ no need for God claims this is evident in the
"blind watchmaker" SOF and NL bill vs YEC 1 day (6-10,000)
are mistakenly viewed as design brutality and suffering in
nature
Evolution suggest we're
part of nature ­ not the
pinnacle, creation is not for Carnal purpose =
our special benefit. God reproduction and survival
hasn't created us in His
"image"…read more

Slide 7

Preview of page 7
Preview of page 7

Slide 8

Preview of page 8
Preview of page 8

Slide 9

Preview of page 9
Preview of page 9

Comments

hollybsccxx

Report

Doing my AS resit soon !

Hero !!!!!

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »