CPS-crown prosecution service

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Crown Prosecution Service
Introduction
Responsible for prosecuting people in England and Wales who have been charged with a
criminal offence.
It was created by the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985.
The head of the Crown Prosecution Service is the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP).
The Director is responsible to the Attorney General (a government minister) who is
responsible to Parliament for the CPS.
Key duties
advising the police on cases for possible prosecution
determine the charge in all but minor cases.
preparing cases for court
the presentation of cases at court
appointing private barristers and solicitors to present cases at court.
The Philips Report 1981:
­ The police should not investigate offences and decide whether to prosecute
­ The different police forces around the country used different standards to decide
whether to prosecute
­ The police were allowing too many weak cases to come to court, which was leading
to a high percentage of judge-directed acquittals.
The 1982 Home Office White Paper: An Independent Prosecution Service for England and
Wales argued for a national prosecution service.
Parliament passed the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 which created the Crown
Prosecution Service (CPS) with the Director of Public Prosecutions as its head.
Glidewell
The Review of the Crown Prosecution Service (The Glidewell Review) was published in 1998.
Three key criticisms of the CPS
Criticism One

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There needed to be a move away from minor cases in the Magistrates' Court in order to
concentrate on more serious crime in the Crown Court.
Also it was felt that the CPS did not get involved enough in presenting its own cases in the
courts.
Criticism Two
The organisation, structure and the management style needed to change
In particular, criticisms were made over the lack of an adequate electronic case management
system and the absence of a suitable chief administrator.…read more

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The Code for Crown Prosecutors
The Code for Crown Prosecutors sets out the basic principles to be followed by when making
charging and prosecuting decisions.
The Code for Crown Prosecutors is issued by the Director of Public Prosecutions under the
Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 s.10.
Crown Prosecutors also have to follow additional guidance on charging a suspect in `The
Director's Guidance on Charging' which the DPP issues under the Police and Criminal Evidence
Act 1984 s.…read more

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Organisation
Operates under a structure of 42 geographical areas in England and Wales corresponding
with the boundaries of the police forces of England and Wales.
The CPS London Area covers the operational boundaries of both City of London and
Metropolitan Police Forces
Each area is headed by a Chief Crown Prosecutor (CCP).
Each area also has an Area Business Manager who has responsibility for the administration of
the area.…read more

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