The First Topic of AS Sociology Unit and all you need to know about it.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: selina
  • Created on: 08-04-11 15:57
Preview of Couples

First 203 words of the document:

Impact of Paid Work
Today ¾ of married or cohabiting women in the UK are economically active.
Gershuny: the trend towards equality
Some sociologists argue that women working full-time may be leading to more
equally shared division of labour in the home.
Gershuny (1994) found wives in full-time employment did less domestic labour:
He argues that this move towards equality is because of changes in values and
parental role models; social values are now moulding around the fact women are
now working full-time.
Still, he found even though men did more housework, they took responsibility
for different tasks.
Rosemary Crompton (1997) explains Gershuny's evidence differently. Where as
Gershuny explained the improvement in terms of changing values and role
models Crompton explains it in terms of economic factors. As women earnings
increase, men do more house work.
Earnings still remain unequal; on average women earn ¾ of what men earn. As
long as earnings remain unequal, the division of labour in the home will remain
The Commercialisation of Housework
Silver (1987) and Schor (1993) argue there are 2 economic factors that reduce
housework on women:

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Critics argue buying these goods is not an option for poorer women. And even if
the amount of housework needed to be done is reduced, doesn't mean the
remaining housework is being shared equally.
The Dual Burden
Feminists argue although women are working that doesn't mean men make the
effort to help more in the home.
Women have gained a "dual" burden of paid and unpaid work. The family
remaining patriarchal: men benefit from women's domestic labour and earnings.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

McIntosh (1991):
Kempson (1994) found women from low income families deny their own needs,
seldom going out, skip meals in order to make ends meet.
In many households women have no right to a share of household resources, as
a result she is likely to see anything she spends on her self better spent on
essentials for the family leaving women in poverty.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Young and Willmott take a "March of Progress" view they see family life as
gradually improving for all members. They argue the family is more symmetrical
now. Women now go out to work, men help with the housework and childcare.
Young and Willmott found that the symmetrical family was more common in
younger couples, those who are geographically and socially isolated. They say the
rise of symmetrical families is because of changes of women's position,
geographically mobility, new technology and higher standards of living.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »