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Sociology Unit 1 ­ Families and Households Revision Notes


The domestic division of labour

Parsons (1955): Instrumental and Expressive Roles
In the traditional nuclear family roles are segregated between the husband and the wife. In Talcott
Parsons view (Functionalism) he sees a clear division of labour between spouses:

Instrumental role…

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Sociology Unit 1 ­ Families and Households Revision Notes

Higher standards of living
A Feminists view of housework
They believe that women working has a negative effect and some say women are taking on extra
work. Anne Oakley (1974) criticised Young and Wilmott's view saying the claims of a symmetrical…

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Sociology Unit 1 ­ Families and Households Revision Notes



Lesbian Couples and Gender Scripts

Gillian Dunne (1999) argues the division of labour continues because of deeply ingrained gender
scripts. These are expectations or norms that the different gender roles men and women in
heterosexual relationships are expected to play. Gender…

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Sociology Unit 1 ­ Families and Households Revision Notes

Wilkinson: Domestic Violence, Inequality and Stress
Wilkinson (1996) suggests that domestic violence is the result of stress on family members caused
by social inequality. This view however, doesn't explain why it is mainly men against women.

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