Core Studies- key facts & numbers to remember (G542)

these are really cut down, so they're mainly for last minute revision. Obviously some findings are not included since these core studies are crazy lengthy, but these could be useful for anyone with a bad memory or who may have started revision pretty late on- you could probably get by just remembering these alongside a rough idea of all of the core studies. 

Perspectives not included. 

Aimed at the findings & conclusions questions of the core studies paper. Basic statistics to remember, but also some useful facts when numbers aren't of use. 

**The developmental section (mainly Bandura) could use some cutting down, but it's my weakest study hence the lengthy section. 

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  • Created on: 14-05-15 10:45
Preview of Core Studies- key facts & numbers to remember (G542)

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Thigpen & Cleckley
Eve White IQ: 110
Eve Black IQ: 104
Eves Age: 25
EEG results: Eve Black Hz Eve White Hz
Longitudinal case study 14 months long and over 100 hours of interviews
Pseudopatients: 5 men, 3 women, 8 total
12 Hospitals across 5 different states, USA
Range of days pseudopatients spent: 7 to 52 days (average 19 days)
35 out of the 118 patients voiced their suspicions
pseudopatients given 2,100 medication tablets, only two were swallowed
Second experiment
41 Patients judged confidently to be pseudopatients by at least 1 member of staff
nurses stayed in the ward offices 90% of the time
time spent with psychiatrists, psychologists, registrars and so forth was, on average, under 7 minutes per day.
RG: 29 M, 1 F Mean age: 21.6 yrs
NRG: 15 M, 15 F Mean age: 25.3 yrs
£3 given to each participant (30 plays worth)
Objective of participants was to stay on machine for 60 plays
irrational verbalisations: Reg gamblers 14% nonreg gamblers 2.5%
All thinking aloud recordings were transcribed during

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BaronCohen et al
Group 1 (Autism): 13 men 3 women
Group 2 (Normal): 50 age matched controls (25 male, 25 female).
Group 3 (Tourette's): 8 men and 2 women
Playful Serious
Concerned unconcerned
25 pairs of eyes in the eyes task
Condition Mean score on the Eye Task
Adults with autism or Asperger syndrome 16.3
'Normal' adults 20.3
Adults with Tourette syndrome 20.4
Condition Mean score on the Eye Task
'Normal' males 18.8
'Normal' females 21.…read more

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All 40 of the participants obeyed up to 300 volts
26 (65%) of the participants gave shocks to 450 volts (obeyed)
14 (35%) stopped sometime before 450 volts (defied)
Pilliavin et al
participants were approximately 4450 men and women
a particular stretch of the New York underground system between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m. on weekdays during the
period of April 15th to June 26th, 1968.…read more

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Oral stage- ID is in control
1- 3 Anal stage- Ego develops
3- 7 Phallic stage- Superego develops (when Oedipus/Electra complex is resolved)
Latent (7 years- puberty)
Genital (puberty+)
Defence mechanisms: Denial, displacement, repression, regression, projection
Little Hans - longitudinal case study- 2 years
Little Hans' dreams and fantasies:
3 giraffes
Big giraffe- Father
Medium sized crumpled giraffe- mummy
Small giraffe- little hans
Hans dreamt that a plumber came and gave him a bigger bottom and larger penis by replacing his
current…read more

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Verbal aggression:
Aggressive model
Child ps F M
F 13.7 2.0
M 4.3 12.7
Overall boys shown more imitative aggression than girls.
Children more likely to imitate the samesex imitating than the oppositesex model.
Children who saw the nonaggressive model showed low levels of aggression.…read more

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Connected to a room with a ONEWAY MIRROR, from which 2 observers who recorded EVERY 5
SECONDS the behaviour of the child (either aggressive or nonaggressive). This gave 240 observations
for each child high interobserver reliability.
Physiological Approach
1. Sample 16 RH male London taxi driver with month than 18 months experience, control
group 50 preexisting scans from the same MRI unit ­ male RH
2. Sample age range 32 ­ 62 average 44 (anyone older or younger was excluded)
3.…read more

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