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Samuel and Bryant (1984)--Developmental Approach Bandura (1961)--Developmental Approach

Background Background Debate over the influence of aggression; Freudian explanation was
Piaget's research said children under 7years could not conserve. Rose
and Blank said children confused by Piaget's 2 question method ­ seeing aggression was `cathartic' (release) = reduced feelings of ag-…

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Baron-Cohen (1997) -- Cognitive Approach Loftus & Palmer (1974)-- Cognitive Approach
Background B-C's own research with children (Sally-Anne test) - some high func-
Background Studies on memory showing `post-event information' can distort memory
tioning autistics can pass this test but this doesn't mean they have ToM.
recall; police interest in…

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Thigpen & Cleckley (1954)--Individual Differences Approach Rosenhan (1973)--Individual Differences Approach

Background Unclear cases of identity where a young lady was suffering from Background Debates about the reliability/validity of diagnosis of mental illness.
headaches from which she has lapses of memory (`blackouts').
Sample Staff (Psychiatrists, Nurses, and Staff) at 12 hospitals…

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Maguire (2000)--Physiological Approach Sperry (1968)--Physiological Approach
Background Hippocampus plays a role in spatial memory. Can the human brain Background Before the development of brain imaging technology of 1980s, little
show plasticity? Past views were that brain could not change in adults. was known about the working brain, especially the role…

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Piliavin (1969)-- Social Approach Milgram (1963) -- Social Approach
Background Nobody helped in murder of Kitty Genovese - bystander effect -
`diffusion of responsibility' explanation Background Nazi Germany - soldiers obeyed orders to kill innocent civilians. Are
the Germans different, i.e. more obedient? `Authoritarian' personality
Sample Approx. 4,450 passengers on…


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