Conservative Force VS Social Change

This is a very brief table for revising the supporting arguments from the main sociological perspectives for conservative force and social change respectively.

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  • Created by: Jackarias
  • Created on: 16-01-11 13:42
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Conservative Force VS Social Change
Keeping things the same Can take two forms...
Maintaining NBVs Progression in society
(Preventing change) Regression in society
Durkheim (religion represents society Maduro (liberation theology)
through shared beliefs and rituals having Gramsci (RC ideology dominant but can be
created social solidarity) overthrown by the church educating WC
Parsons (always a part of society; socially intellectuals)
integrated, e.g. Ten Commandments)
MARXISM Religion has accommodated change for
Marx (opium of the people; ISA; women ­ 1992 COfE allowed ordination of
maintaining FCC and therefore reinforcing female priests
RC ideology)
FEMINISM Religion has created capitalism through
Holm (used to reinforce patriarchy: in Calvinism (progressive change): led to
theory =, but not in practice) capitalism through industrialisation which
came about because of reinvesting wealth
De Beauvoir (religion is an accepted tool
used to oppress women, so oppression is (material wealth was a sign from God that you
accepted) would go to heaven)
Develops because of change (Bruce)
As a result regression occurs
So it then becomes a conservative force
21 century e.g. involvement of Evangelical Christians in (right-wing) politics in the USA
Religion doesn't change society
Nor does it keep it the same
Religion is no longer a major force in society
Society has become individualised
Sociology A2 Unit 3: Beliefs in Society | Revision Notes | Jack Bennett, 13F | Page 1 of 1


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