Conservative Decline and the Rise of New Labour - Society (AQA compete notes 16/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

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Preview of Conservative Decline and the Rise of New Labour - Society (AQA compete notes 16/16)

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Conservative
Decline
and
the
Rise
of
`New
Labour',
1990
­
2007
­
society
Social
issues
and
population
change;
the
extent
to
which
Britain
had
become
and
integrated
and
multicultural
society
by
2007
Demographic
- Between
1990
and
2007
population
grew
by
3
million
- Population
change
over
the
period
o 1945
­
50.2
million
o 1961
­
52.8
million
o 1971
­
55.9
million
o 1981
-
56.4
million
o 1991
-
57.4
million
o 2001
-
58.7
million
o 2008
-
61.4
million
Aging
Population
- Population
change
o In
1997
average
age
was
37,
but
by
2007
it
was
39.
o In
2007
(for
the
first
time)
there
were
more
retried
people
than
people
under
16.
! Partly
due
to
the
aging
baby
boomers
of
the
post-war
period.
o In
the
last
20
years
the
percentage
of
the
population
over
the
age
of
80
has
doubled.
- Cost
impacts
o NHS
hospitals
were
under
increasing
pressure
by
Blair's
government,
which
led
to
him
to
put
significantly
more
money
into
them.
o Pensions
scheme
costs
for
the
government
have
increased
dramatically,
with
rises
of
the
retirement
age
in
the
years
following
Blair
leaving
office.
- Grey
pound
o Retired
people
have
increasing
affluence,
with
many
of
them
benefiting
from
the
schemes
of
the
80s,
and
the
pension
promise
which
is
triple
locked
(rises
each
year
with
the
highest
inflation
indicator)
meaning
they
have
much
to
spend.
o Increasing
consumption
is
done
by
them,
which
has
lead
to
increasing
production
for
them,
with
films
theatre
etc.
- Poorer
pensioners
o For
pensioners
who
were
dependant
on
just
the
state
pension
then
increasing
age
impacts
more
badly
on
them.
Immigration

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Between
1991
and
2007
the
number
of
immigrants
doubled.
o About
a
third
are
from
EU
countries.
! Eastern
Bloc.
- In
the
1990s
they
was
a
large
increase
in
Asylum
seekers.
o Fleeing
from
Somalia,
Afghanistan
and
Iraq.
- There
were
concerns
that
many
Asylum
seekers
were
not
actual
claimants.
o This
is
an
issue
Blair
explores
in
his
book,
accepting
it
as
an
issue.
- 2004
A8
migration
became
a
big
surprise,
with
many
travelling
from
Poland.…read more

Page 3

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Metropolitan
police
were
seen
to
have
mishandled
the
murder
of
Stephan
Lawrence.
o Report
following
Lawrence
found
them
to
be
`institutionally
racist'.
- Riots
and
racism
o 1995
Riots
broke
out
between
poor
black
communities
and
wealthier
Asian
ones.
o 2001
Riots
in
Oldham
caused
by
white
resentment
of
the
success
of
immigrants.
! 12%
of
the
population
are
Asian.
o 2005
July
Bombings
created
a
fear
of
Islamist
extremism,
and
led
to
several
racist
attacks
and
discrimination.…read more

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In
2007
computers
really
became
moveable
and
personal
with
the
launch
of
the
first
iphone,
which
allowed
access
to
information
anywhere.
- Decline
of
print
media
o Circulations
continued
to
fall
with
the
rise
of
the
internet.
o National
Daily's
circulation
fell
from
17
million
in
1990
to
13
million
in
1999.…read more

Page 5

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Fertility
rate
fell
from
2.95
in
the
1960s
but
by
2006
it
was
1.77
(below
replacement
level
of
2.1).
Religion
- Many
different
faiths
within
Britain.
- There
was
increasing
fears
about
the
"failure
of
integration".
- 1990s
­
keep
Sunday
special
campaign
to
stop
shops
opening
on
the
Sabbath
was
a
failure.
Consumerism
won.
Women
and
Feminism
- Despite
changes
there
was
still
not
parity
in
the
work
place.…read more

Page 6

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Separation
of
the
Prince
and
Princess
of
Wales
occurred
in
the
early
1990s.
o The
death
of
`the
people's
princess'
caused
mass
out
pouring
of
grief.
! Disliked
the
Queen
due
to
her
not
initially
saying
anything
about
the
death.
o 2002
Celebrating
the
Jubilee
was
very
popular.
o List
was
curtailed,
and
the
monarch
agreed
that
she
would
be
assessed
for
income
tax
in
1993.…read more

Page 7

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Marr
o `In
global
terms,
to
be
born
British
remains
a
wonderful
stroke
of
luck.…read more

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