Conservative Decline and the Rise of New Labour - Foreign Policy (AQA compete notes 15/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

Pages in this set

Page 1

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Conservative
Decline
and
the
Rise
of
`New
Labour',
1990-2007
­
Foreign

Policy

Britain's
position
in
the
European
Union
under
Major
and
Blair;
Britain's
role
in

NATO
and
interventions
in
the
Balkans,1995-1999;
Britain's
`special
relationship'

with
the
United
States
and
its
impact
on
Britain's
position
in
the
world
by
2007.

John…

Page 2

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o The
year
had
witnessed
the
tumbling
of
the
Berlin
Wall.
The
USA

and
USSR
worked
more
closely
to
keep
peace
and
both
had
agreed

that
the
cold
war
was
over.


- Basically
it
continued,
but
was
less
good.

o Clinton
refused
to
speak
to
Major
face
to
face
due…

Page 3

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o Major
says
that
critics
are
wrong
that
Britain
made
any

concessions,
saying
`I
said
what
I
wanted
to
achieve,
and
I
went

there
and
achieved
it.'

o P.
Oborne
calls
it
`Probably
Major's
greatest
achievement'.

o K.O
Morgan
`what
major
choose
to
agree
as
opt-outs
was
a
skilful

choice'.…

Page 4

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!Serbian
military
leadership
were
bombed
to
the
negotiating

table,
aided
by
UN
economic
sanctions.

o December
1995:
Dayton
peace
agreement
­
the
warring
parties

agreed
to
keep
to
certain
designated
areas,
which
were
to
be

monitored
by
UN
and
NATO
forces

! Major
was
one
of
the
signatories
when
the…

Page 5

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- Ben
Wright
(BBC
political
analyst)
`It
wasn't
just
Realpolitik,
Blair
had

evangelism.'

Kosovo


- The
Balkans
war
continued,
with
Serbian
attacks
on
Kosovo.

o The
Dayton
Peace
Accords
had
broken
down.



o Blair
believed
that
Slobodan
Milosevic
had
been
allowing
Serbs
to

wages
genocide
against
Albanians
living
in
Kosovo.…

Page 6

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- The
US
reaction
to
the
terrorist
attack
was
to
invade
Afghanistan
to

oust
the
Taliban,
an
action
they
were
accompanied
in
by
many
nations

including
Britain.

o Osama
Bin
Laden
and
Mohammed
Omar
(Taliban
leader)
escaped.

o Democratic
government
was
established
but
progress
was
slow
for

economic
or
political…

Page 7

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o Oil
may
have
been
considered
by
America,
but
no
evidence
has

ever
linked
it
to
Britain's
reasoning.

o Saddam
had
gassed
his
own
people,
and
he
was
clearly
a
bad
man.


o Saddam
had
failed
to
cooperate
with
UN
resolutions.
UN
resolution

1441.

o UN
sanctions
were
not
working.…

Page 8

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- Economic
negotiations
were
led
by
Brown.

- There
was
an
agreement
write
off
the
entire
US$40
billion
debt
owed

by
18
Highly
Indebted
Poor
Countries
to
the
World
Bank,
the

International
Monetary
Fund
and
the
African
Development
Fund.

o `War
on
Want'
argued
this
wasn't
enough.

- Increase
in…

Page 9

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o Ten
new
members
joining
in
2004
and
Romania
and
Bulgaria

joined,
championed
by
Britain,
in
2007.



o Britain
was
one
of
three
nations
not
to
limit
free
movement
to
new

entries.

- 2005
budget
and
CAP
returned
as
an
Anglo-EU
issue.



o There
was
a
suggestion
that
the
rebate…

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