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THEORY OF MIND
A theory about the way our own mind and other
people's minds work, and how people are affected
by their beliefs and feelings, the ability to predict
thoughts and feelings.
People with Autism are said to lack Theory of Mind,
which is sometimes called mindblindness.
Baron-Cohen et al confirmed that adults with
Autism or Asperger's lack advanced theory of mind
in their study.…read more

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PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES OF
DEVELOPMENT
Sigmund Freud suggested that our personalities and behaviours come
as a result of how we responded to our `internal drives' during
different psychosexual stages of development.
Oral Stage: Like to suck
Anal Stage: Like to experience control by
retaining/expelling faeces
Phallic Stage: Children become aware of their
genitals and differences in gender, develop a
desire to be with the opposite sex parent whilst
at the same time being scared of the other
parents and wishing to remove them. (Oedipus
Complex)…read more

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DEFENCE MECHANISMS
Freud believed that we have defence mechanisms which protect us from
excessive anxieties we could face if we carried out the wishes of our sexual and
aggressive drives:
- Our mind can repress unacceptable feelings, blocking them from conscious
thought and put into the unconscious.
- We can deny painful events to the extent that they are not known anymore.
- Feelings can be displaced into something else. E.g. Slamming a door is better
than hitting someone during an argument.…read more

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HIPPOCAMPUS
The hippocampus is located in the medial
temporal lobe. It makes up part of the limbic
system. We have two hippocampi in our brains,
and so do other malls. The name originates from
the Greek word for `seahorse' because of the
shape of the hippocampi.
The role of the hippocampus is disputed but it is
said to:
- play an important role in forming new memories,
episodic memory.
- be involved with spatial memory and navigation.
It has been shown that the size of the
hippocampus can increase as needed, especially in
birds where during seasons where navigational
skills are requires, the hippocampal volume tends
to increase.…read more

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DIFFUSION
OF RESPONSIBILITY
The idea that people are less likely to intervene in a
situation where help is needed if others are present
as because they perceive the responsibility as being
shared between all those present.
This makes them feel less personally responsible for
helping in the situation.
Read the Kitty Genovese Story…read more

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