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ventouse
· A ventouse (vacuum extractor) is an
instrument that uses suction to pull
the baby out. A soft or hard plastic
or metal cup is attached by a tube
to a suction device. The cup fits
firmly onto your baby's head and,
with a contraction and your pushing,
the obstetrician or midwife gently
pulls to help deliver your baby.
· The suction cup can leave a small
mark on your baby's head, called a
chignon. The cup may also leave a
bruise on your baby's head, called a
cephalhaematoma . A ventouse is
not used if you're giving birth at less
than 34 weeks pregnant, because
your baby's head is too soft.
· A ventouse is less likely than…read more

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Forceps
· Forceps are smooth metal
instruments that look like large
spoons or tongs. They're curved
to fit around the baby's head. The
forceps are carefully positioned
around your baby's head and
joined together at the handles.
With a contraction and your
pushing, an obstetrician gently
pulls to help deliver your baby.
· There are many different types of
forceps. Some forceps are
specifically designed to turn the
baby to the right position to be
born, for example, if your baby is
lying with its back to your back.
· Forceps can leave small marks
on your baby's face but these will
disappear quite quickly.…read more

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Caesarean section
· In the UK, most caesarean sections are performed under
epidural or spinal anaesthesia, which minimises the risk
and means that you're awake for the delivery of your
baby. A general anaesthetic (which puts you to sleep) is
sometimes used, particularly if the baby needs to be
delivered quickly.
· If you have an epidural or spinal anaesthesia, you won't
feel pain, just some tugging and pulling as your baby is
delivered. A screen will be put up so that you can't see
what's being done. The doctors will talk to you and let
you know what's happening.
· It takes about five to 10 minutes to deliver the baby, and
the whole operation takes about 40-50 minutes. One
advantage of an epidural or spinal anaesthetic is that
you're awake at the moment of delivery and can see and
hold your baby immediately. Your birth partner can be
with you.…read more

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Types of caesarean section
· Urgent (emergency) caesareans
emergency caesareans are necessary
when complications develop and delivery
needs to be quick. This may be before or
during labour. If your midwife and doctor
are concerned about the safety of you or
your baby, they will suggest that you
have a caesarean straight away.
Sometimes your doctor or midwife may
suggest an emergency caesarean if your
cervix doesn't
Planned dilate
(elective) fully during labour.
caesareans
A caesarean is elective if it is planned in advance . This usually
happens when your doctor or midwife believes that labour will be
dangerous for you or your baby…read more

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