Complete glossary of Terms

This should really helo you through AS english Language and Litrature, and contains most keo words that you will need hope it helps, took me ages

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Can you find any adjacency pairs?
What type are they:
· Question and answer
· Greetings
· Statement and agreement.
Is there evidence that the speakers are very
cooperative and polite examples are:
Absence of interruptions and other
aggressive habits.
Politeness markers such as please, thank
Agreement between speakers
Speaker finishing off each other's turns
Feedback and back channel behaviour,
repetition and rephrasing of other
speaker's turns
· This is more likely in scripted talk
· Is there evidence of conflict between the
speakers such as
Disagreement in opinions.
Questions not being answered
Commands contested
Battling for control of topic
Do speakers talk or overlap each other.
This is not always people being rude and
In exams this is marked with //
What do the speakers call each other?
This should give an indication to their
relationship and who has more power.
What are the topics?
Who has sets the topic?
Who manages and controls them?
How is power distributed in the conversation
according to?

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Length of turns
Number of turns
Who initiates more, who responds
Shortening words. E.g. uni instead of university
Using the first letters of the words to make up
phrases e.g. LOL
Using references to things that are happening in the
media, music, television, fashion, sport, film, celebrit
E.g. "Doh" "What's occurrin'"
Removing words to make the utterance shorter
e.g. Not seen it rather than haven't seen it.
Pictures and faces used to show emotions. They can
also be created using punctuation. E.g.…read more

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Replacing words or part of words with, letters an
numbers that sound the same can even make
whole phrases. E.g. CUL8R
· The online conversation takes place in real-time
with immediate turn taking.
These are words and phrases that are considered
inappropriate in some context e.g. Crap.
These are signals that the story is about to
begin; it is a brief explanation of what the story
is about. E.G. "I'll tell you one thing.…read more

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These are questions, and are often found in
everyday talk.
E.g. "Do we have to eat cake?"
These are announcements, and are often found
E.G. "What a great cake."
A speech encounter is a genre of speech ­ an everyday
talk situation we're familiar with:
Buying something from a shop (service
Ordering food in a restaurant (service encounter)
Chatting socially with friends
Classroom talk
Asking direction in the street.…read more

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Talk is talk designed to get something done, the aim is to
get something done. It may well be a service encounter.
E.G.…read more

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Spoken Written
Speech happens in real time with Writing is space bound, static and
participants present permanent
Spontaneity and speed make it harder to Writing because it is planned, tends to
plan text, leading to looser expression promote more complex grammar.
and some compact expression and Lack of visual contact means that writer's
therefore rephrasing. cannot rely on context to make meanings
Clues such as facial expressions and clear: hence they need to be more explicit.…read more

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Genre ­ Audience-Purpose - Context
This is how language works beyond a single
sentence, the way genres of text are
Involves study of texts context, whether
written or spoken.
Reference to structure.
Mostly it relates to sentence structure.
Visual signs, and marks on the page.
This is the way that the look affects the
Individual word use, and the meaning if it.
Looks at the way some words are made of
small units of meaning.
E.g.…read more

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The ways in which words are pronounced.
Accent varies depending on the region and or social
of the speaker.
E.g. Someone in the south of England will say path as
p-ar-th whereas someone in the midlands will say p-ah-
A pattern and convention of speech where one utteran
follow by an appropriate linked response
a question follow by an answer
a request followed by a reply, either positive or nega
greeting or farewell
Referring back to something that has already been s
the conversation.
E.g.…read more


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