comparison of functionalist and marxist approach to education

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roles functionalist Marxist
Economic teaching skills of Schools and colleges Education is seen as
work teach the skills and reinforcing the class
knowledge necessary system
for work in a modern, Children from less
technical, industrial powerful groups learn
society the skills necessary for
Vocational courses lowerstatus
aim to train young occupations
people for the world Children from more
of work powerful groups gain
Education prepares the qualifications
young people for their needed for higher
future occupations status occupations
Selective choosing the most Education system is a Not equal
able people for the important sieve, grading Designed to benefit
jobs students according to powerful groups
ability and placing Teachers and schools
individuals in reject working class
occupational roles children they
best suited to their underperform
talents and abilities Not seen as
All individuals have meritocratic
equal opportunities
Meritocratic system
Social mobility
Socialisation teaching norms Plays a role in teaching Socialises individuals
and values values and norms of into accepting the
society values of powerful
Agency of groups
cultures, beliefs and
Social control teaching Must be some means Social control seen as
acceptance of rules and of regulating reflecting wider
acceptance behaviour and society
activities Benefits powerful
Agency of social groups
control obedience
and punctuality
Formal and informal
Political teaching people to People learn about Only certain political
be effective citizens and society through opinions and ideas are
creating social cohesion education tolerated in education

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They accept the Radical ideas are
political system rejected or ridiculed
Political ideas of
powerful groups come
to be accepted by
individuals…read more


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