Comparing Religious Organisations Table - Church/Denomination/Sect

A table comparing features of religious organisations:

  • Troeltsch (1931) study of Roman Catholic Church
  • Niebuhr (1929) study of Methodism
  • Troeltsch (1931) study of Jehovah's Witnesses

Specifically created for Unit 3 of A2 AQA Sociology: Beliefs in Society, but is also helpful to students studying OCR and WJEC A level Sociology.

HideShow resource information
Preview of Comparing Religious Organisations Table - Church/Denomination/Sect

First 286 words of the document:

AQA A2 Sociology UNIT 3: Beliefs in Society Revision
Church Denomination Sect
Example Roman Catholic Church Methodism Jehovah's Witnesses
Sociological study Troeltsch (1931) Niebuhr (1929 Troeltsch (1931)
Social Background of Members are drawn from all Does not have universal Associated with lower
members classes in society, though appeal; not associated with socioeconomic classes
particularly associated with highest socioeconomic classes
higher socioeconomic classes
Relationship to state Sometimes closely related to Does not identify with the Unconnected to the state and
the state state and approves the may be in conflict with it
separation of church and state
Relationship to society Churches accept and affirm life Members generally accept the Members reject the values of
in this world norms and values of society the world that surrounds them
Demands on members Members do not have to Some minor restrictions may Members may be expected to
demonstrate their faith to be placed on members ­ for withdraw from life outside the
become members of a church example, Methodists are sect. Deep commitment
discouraged from drinking and demanded from members
Toleration Churches will often jealously Denominations do not claim a Sects tend to believe that they
guard their monopoly of monopoly of religious truth possess a monopoly of
religious truth and are tolerant of other religious truth
Type of Organisation A formal organisation with a Usually smaller than a church Central authority often rests
hierarchy of paid officials but still a formal organisation with a charismatic male leader
with a hierarchy of paid whose special qualities
officials persuade others to follow him
Chris Cartwright 2011



This is great thank you!


A great table which can be used a great revision tools when looking at the differences between religious organisations. 

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »