Community Cohesion

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  • Created on: 22-02-15 15:56
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The Christian Church: over 2000 years the Christian church has divided into many different denominations. The
main churches we will think about are: The church of England, The Methodist church, Evangelical church (all
protestant church).
The organisation structure of these churches is reflected in the decisions they make. The r.c church makes
decisions from the top down. C.O.E church makes decisions on a more local level as do the Methodists.
The Evangelical Protestants make decisions based on a local understanding of Bible teaching
Church + Bible + individual
The growth of equal rights for women:1882P: Married Women property act
1892: Local government act
1918: The representation of the people act
1928: The electoral form act
1970: the equal pay act
1975: the sex discrimination act
Summary: Men and women have equal rights in the UK. During the 20th century women gained the right to
vote and to have equal pay with men.
How and why attitudes of men and women have changed in the UK:
During WW1 + and WW2 women had to take on many jobs previously done by men and proved they
could do them just as well
· Other countries gave women equal rights which made it difficult to say that it was unneeded
· Women had great successes as councilors and in contributing to developments in health and social care
· The suffragette movement showed women didn't want to be second class citizens anymore
· Social and industrial developments in the 1950s and 1960s led to the need for more women workers and for
married women to become the source of a second income
· The UN declaration of human rights and the development of feminist movement couldn't be contradicted
· The labor governments of 1964-70 and 1974-79 were dedicate to the equal rights campaign an passed the
equal pay act and sex discrimination act.
Summary: Attitudes to the roles of men and women have changed greatly. Women now have equal rights and
men and women are expected to share roles in the home. Attitudes have changed because of the Feminist
movement, social and industrial changes and the effect of the world wars
Different Christian attitudes to equal rights for women in religion:
Summary: Catholics - men and women should have equal rights, but only men can be priests because Jesus was
a man and the priest is supposed to represent him at mass
Traditional Protestants - only men should be religious leaders because this is what the Bible teaches. They have
separate role, women bring up the children and run a Christian home whereas the men provide for the family
and lead the family in religion. One thing they base their beliefs on is that Eve lead Adam to temptation
because Eve was lead astray by Satan
Liberal Protestants - men and women have equal rights in religion because Jesus had female followers
The Nature of the UK as a multi ethnic society:
Problems in multi-ethnic societies:

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Employers are prejudice
· Landlords are prejudice
· Teachers are prejudice so some races don't get as good an education as others and therefore can't get good
jobs in the future
· Police officers can be prejudice so crimes can be dealt with unfairly
Benefits in a multi-ethnic society:
· Less chance of war because races unite
· More progress because of new ways and ideas being brought to a country
· Life is more interesting with a much greater variety of food, music, fashion…read more

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Acts 10:34-35)
2. Racial Justice Vision: our vision is of a society committed to racial justice - For us Christians, this commitment
is an outcome of our beliefs that we are all made in the image of G-d. Therefore we are determined to
recognize, combat and eradicate racism. (committee for Racial Justice, Methodist church)
Summary: Christians should promote racial harmony because of the teachings of the bible and the statements
all churches have made against racism, and because they should follow the example of Jesus.…read more

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Bringing up children because they may leave their parents faith
· Interfaith marriages because of having to decide which faith the children should be brought up in
Ways in which religions work to promote community cohesion in the UK:
1. Interfaith dialogue
2. Interfaith marriage
3. Dialogue on the upbringing of children
4.…read more

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Word Definition
Sexism Discriminating against people because of their gender (being male o
Discrimination Treating people less favourably because of their ethnicity / gender
colour / sexuality / age / class
Ethnic minority A member of an ethnic group (race) which is much smaller than the
majority group
Multi-ethnic Many different races and cultures living together in one society
Prejudice Believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowin
Racism The belief that some races are superior to others
Community A…read more


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