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Cold War Glossary

Arms race: The competitive build up of nuclear weapons between the USA and the Soviet
Union.

Atomic bomb: The first nuclear weapon an explosion is created by splitting atomic nuclei
and this leads to a huge release of energy.

B52: The strategic US heavy bomber that had…

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Hydrogen bomb: A nuclear weapon hundreds of times more powerful that the atomic
bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

ICBM: Intercontinental ballistic missiles nuclear weapons with a range of more than 5,600
kilometres (3,500 miles).

IRBM: Intermediaterange ballistic missiles nuclear weapons with a range of between 960
kilometres (600 missiles)…

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Red Army: Armed forces of the Soviet union.
Refusniks: Soviet Jews and others who were denied exit visas and were persecuted for
leaving the USSR.

Rolling Thunder: Bombing campaign against North Vietnam.

SALT: Strategic Arm Limitation Talks in the late 1960s and 70s. SALT I limited each
country's ballistic missile…

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Vietnamisation: Nixon's administration decision to turn over control of the Vietnam War
to South Vietnam while US troops withdrew.

Warsaw Pact: Eastern European defence organisation established in Warsaw Poland on 14
May 1955 a counter to the USled NATO.

Yalta: Meeting of the big three leaders Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill…

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