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Causes for Detente in the 60's.
· The growing seriousness of the international crises eg Hungarian
Crisis 1956, Berlin Crisis 1961 and Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, all
clearly indicted a need to rethink their conduct of the Cold War. They
started up a direct hotline (IWIC) to completely avoid any such
problem reoccurring, this meant that the superpowers were now in
direct communication.
· Both Nations had reached the status of MAD (Mutually Assured
· Economically, both countries could no longer afford to go head to
head anymore. The Americans had just fought a long relentless war
with the Vietnamese, and they were drained both mentally and
financially, correspondingly the USSR had exhausted a large
percentage of their funds into the futile arm's race.…read more

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Vietnam War…read more

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What was the effect of these improved
· In 1967 the Hamel Report marked the official start. It
stated that the NATO was a neccesary tool for negotiation
peace and made NATO commit to detente
· There was a pronounced increase
in the sense of camaraderie felt
between the two nations. This
could be seen in such friendly
competition like the Space race.
And in Nixons Ping Pong Diplomcy.
which was an exchange of table
tennis players between the US and
China in the early 1970s.
First international Handshake between
· A widespread feeling of
The CND movement
had its biggest protest
ever in Bilbao in 1977…read more

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One of the many CND
peace walks.…read more

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The political outcomes of detente...
Evolution in the mindset of world leaders
· Hard-line communist leader Khruschchev was replaced by the
more conciliatory leader Breznev in 1964. In the US, Nixon
with his more tolerant opinions on communism became the
new US president in 1969. He visits China and Moscow.
Equally Willy Brandt becomes West Germany's Chancellor in
1969. He introduces Ostpolitik which means that or the first
time since its creation DDR is recognised by the West.
Many treaties were written up to officialise detente
· The 1968 Non-proliferation Treaty made powers with nuclear weapons agree
to not give it away to other countries, this essentially put an end the Nuclear
Arm's race.
· The first Strategic Arms Limitation Talks started in 1969 and Breznev and
Nixon began talks on missile reductions , the corresponding treaty- SALT I -
was then signed in 1972
· The Helsinki Agreement of 1975 agreed on all existing European borders,
the peaceful setttlement of disputes, and progress on East/West
cooperation and on human rights.…read more

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