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Slide 1

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1945
Defeat of Germany
key:
February 4-11: Yalta Conference meeting of FDR, Churchill, Stalin - the 'Big Three' Need to know
Soviet Union has control of Eastern Europe. The Cold War Begins
May 8: VE Day - Victory in Europe. Germany surrenders to the Red Army in Berlin
Extra information
July: Potsdam Conference - Germany was officially partitioned into four zones of occupation.
August 6: The United States drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima (20 kiloton bomb 'Little Boy' kills 80,000)
August 8: Russia declares war on Japan
August 9: The United States drops atomic bomb on Nagasaki (22 kiloton 'Fat Man' kills 70,000)
August 14 : Japanese surrender End of World War II
August 15: Emperor surrender broadcast - VJ Day
1946
March 5 : "Sinews of Peace" Iron Curtain Speech by Winston Churchill -
"an "iron curtain" has descended on Europe"
1947
Theory of Containment starting to be put into practice
March 12 : Truman Doctrine - Truman declares active role in Greek
Civil War
June : Marshall Plan is announced setting a precedent for helping
countries combat poverty, disease and malnutrition
1948
February 25 : Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia
June 24 : Berlin Blockade begins lasting 11 months
1949
April 4 : NATO ratified
May 12 : Berlin Blockade ends
29 August : Russia tested its first atomic bomb
October 1 : Communist Mao Zedong takes control of China and
establishes the People's Republic of China…read more

Slide 2

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1950
January 30 - Truman approved H-bomb development
1955
May : Warsaw Pact formed
1956
June 29: USSR sent tanks into Poland to suppress demonstrations by
workers
September 4: USSR sent military aid to Afghanistan communists
October - November : Rebellion put down in Communist Hungary
(Hungarian Uprising).
1959
January : Cuba taken over by Fidel Castro
1960
November : John F. Kennedy elected President of USA
December 19: Cuba openly aligns itself with the Soviet Union and their
policies
1961
April : Bay of Pigs invasion
August 17 : Construction of Berlin Wall begins
1962
U.S. involvement in Vietnam increases
October : Cuban Missile Crisis
1963
July : Nuclear Test Ban Treaty ratified
November : President Kennedy assassinated
1968
Richard Nixon Elected President of the USA…read more

Slide 3

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1972
July : SALT I signed
1979
July : SALT II signed
December: Soviet forces invade Afghanistan
1983
President Reagan proposes Strategic Defence Initiative
1985
Mikhail Gorbachev becomes leader of the Soviet Union initiating a campaign of openness called "glasnost" and restructuring called
"perestroika"
1989
January : Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan
June : Poland becomes independent
September : Hungary becomes independent
November : Berlin Wall is demolished and East Germany allows unrestricted migration to West Germany
December : Communist governments fall in Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Rumania
Decline of the Soviet empire, shown by all the countries above turning independent
1990
March : Lithuania becomes independent
May 29 : Boris Yeltsin elected as President of Russia
October 3 : Germany reunited
1991
August : End of Soviet Union and the Cold War Ends…read more

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