Cold War Revision Notes (including Berlin Blockade and The Cuban Missile Crisis)

These are just some brief revisio notes which cover the cold war (including Berlin Blockade and The Cuban Missile Crisis). They cover everything you need to know if studying these topic for OCR Modern World History Paper 1. All copyrights go to BBC Bitesize.

Word Document.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: ChelseaS
  • Created on: 25-04-16 16:58
Preview of Cold War Revision Notes (including Berlin Blockade and The Cuban Missile Crisis)

First 208 words of the document:

The Cold War
Ideological Differences ­ Stalin & Truman
The US President Roosevelt died in 1945. He was replaced by Truman who was strongly
antiCommunist and, as the war came to an end, the relationship between America and
Russia fell apart.
Summary:
In 1945, Harry S Truman became president of the USA, determined to confront
Communism. He is reported to have told his advisers:
"The Russians only understand one language how many armies have you got? I'm tired of
babying the Soviets."
Harry S Truman, 1945
But this was not the only cause of trouble. Historians believed that the wartime alliance
between the Soviet Union and America was also wrecked by the huge differences between
the two countries in:
Politics America was capitalist, Russia was communist.
Lifestyle America had freedom and a twoparty democracy; Russia had secret police and a
oneparty state.
Aims America wanted Germany to recover as a trading partner; Russia wanted to weaken
Germany and create a buffer zone of friendly states around Russia.
The collapse of the wartime alliance led to a Cold War between the two superpowers.
Comparison of America and Russia:

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Yalta and Potsdam Conferences
The Yalta and Potsdam conferences were called to help the Allies decide what would
happen to Europe, and in particular Germany, at the end of the Second World War. This
Revision Bite will help you understand the decisions made at these two important
conferences and the differences that emerged between the allied leaders.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Stalin' power in Eastern Europe
Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe
A map of central Europe showing the
Communist buffer zone. Communist
Countries are shown in green.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

The Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
In 1947, two important events occurred: firstly, President Truman warned the American
Congress that it was America's job to contain Communism this became known as the Truman
Doctrine and secondly, General George Marshall came up with a plan to help Europe recover
from the war using American money this became known as the Marshall Plan.
Events 1947
By 1947, Greece was one of the few countries in Eastern Europe that hadn't turned
communist.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

The Berlin Blockade and Airlift
Summary of the Berlin crisis
How Germany was divided in 1945?
In 1945, the Allies decided to split Germany into four zones of occupation. The capital,
Berlin, was also split into four zones. The USSR took huge reparations from its zone in
eastern Germany, but Britain, France and America tried to improve conditions in their
zones.
In June 1948, Britain, France and America united their zones into a new country, West
Germany.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis
In October 1962 the existence of the world was threatened. Experts examining photographs
of Cuba taken by U2 spy planes saw what they believed to be evidence that the Russians
were building nuclear missile sites in Cuba.
It was the beginning of a confrontation that took the world to the brink of a nuclear
holocaust.
Causes summary:
In 1962, the Cold War was at its coldest. The Russians had built the Berlin Wall the previous
year.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

The Cuban Missile Crisis
The threat of nuclear war became increasingly apparent. It was vital that Kennedy and
Khrushchev came to some sort of agreement the future of the world depended on it.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »