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Background was essentially bourgeoisie
­ wealthy but not noble ­ trained as a
lawyer. Was a protégé of Mazarin and
became important in the 1660s.
Key minister for domestic affairs,
unappealing character, nicknamed
the "Le Nord."…read more

Slide 2

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His Offices
· 1661: Council of Finances ­ the leading
· 1664: Became Superintendant of Royal
Buildings, arts and manufactures
· 1665: Controller General of Finances
(Chancellor of the Exchequer)
· 1668: Secretary of State for the Navy…read more

Slide 3

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He was the most talented of Louis' ministers ­ totally loyal and
committed to his Monarch.
After the fall of Fouquet, he became the King's chief advisor in domestic
These were his greatest interests, but he was also involved in the:
Administrative of Justice
Control of Clergy
Creation of a centralised administration…read more

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Louis would prove to be bored with certain
aspects of domestic affairs
(economic/naval/commercial affairs). This
would make Colbert's task much more difficult
because of Kings preoccupation with war and
expansion which made massive economic
E.N. Williams and the armaments factory Vs. the
Surrender of the Dutch Fortress.…read more

Slide 5

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Colbert pointed out that the latter
depended on former and this could only
come about through French economic
growth and State planning. He said:
"Trading companies are the armies of
the King and the manufacturers of
France are his reserves."…read more

Slide 6

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He was a Mercantilist:
This was an economic theory, with the basic aim to acquire
gold/silver which was vital for any state in the 17th Century
for independence and wealth.
To hire troops
Buy armaments
Buy allies
Buy food at time of famine.…read more

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