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Cognitive Psychology Memory

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What is Memory?

There is a close link between learning and memory. If you have learned something it is
in your memory. There are 3 stages to learning and memorising information:

Encoding-to put something in a code so that it can be stored into the memory.
Storage- the encoded information…

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task may show different results with them than if another group of people had
been chosen.

A similar study was done by: Nairne Et Al and found people could recall up to 96
seconds used same items across trails to reduce interference between items.

The Multi Store Model of Memory…

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Free recall was less accurate because the people who had left school within 15
years were 60% accurate whereas the people who left school 48 years ago were
30% accurate.
Verbal and visual was the highest about 90% accurate for those people who had
left school 15 years, whereas…

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Central executive

Drives the system
Decides how attention is directed
Allocates the resources
Has no storage capacity
Has limited capacity so can't attend to many things at once

Episodic Buffer

General storage space for both acoustic and visual information
Integrates information from the central executive, the phonological loop, visual

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FOR THE EXAM: You should learn at least 2 strengths and 2 limitations and
remember strengths can include support from research.

Evaluation of the working memory modelStrengths

Is involved in all complex tasks
Includes verbal rehearsal as an optional process


It is hard to measure the limited capacity


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