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What is Memory?
There is a close link between learning and memory. If you have learned something it is
in your memory. There are 3 stages to learning and memorising information:
Encoding-to put something in a code so that it can be stored into the memory.
Storage- the encoded information is stored into the memory system.
Retrieval- the information is recovered from the memory system, this is recall
or remembering.…read more

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A similar study was done by: Nairne Et Al and found people could recall up to 96
seconds used same items across trails to reduce interference between items.
The Multi Store Model of Memory
Multi-store model-Three types of memories which represent our ability to store
information: short term memory, long term memory and sensory memory. A model
provides us with an analogy of how memory works.
FOR THE EXAM: You may be asked to draw parts of the diagram or
explain how the diagram works.…read more

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Free recall was less accurate because the people who had left school within 15
years were 60% accurate whereas the people who left school 48 years ago were
30% accurate.
Verbal and visual was the highest about 90% accurate for those people who had
left school 15 years, whereas for people who had left 48 years ago it had
dropped to 70% verbal names 70% and 80% visual faces.…read more

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Central executive
Drives the system
Decides how attention is directed
Allocates the resources
Has no storage capacity
Has limited capacity so can't attend to many things at once
Episodic Buffer
General storage space for both acoustic and visual information
Integrates information from the central executive, the phonological loop, visual
sketchpad and long term memory
Has limited capacity
The Phonological Loop
Deals with auditory information and the order of information
Baddeley 1986 divided it into 2 components (in the exam you can say: some
psychologists believe…read more

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FOR THE EXAM: You should learn at least 2 strengths and 2 limitations and
remember strengths can include support from research.…read more


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