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Slide 1

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Cognitive Interview (CI)
PSYA1 ­ Cognitive Psychology…read more

Slide 2

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Cognitive Interview (CI)
AO1 · Fisher + Gieselman (1992)
1. Report everything (report every single details of the event)
2. Mental/ Contextual reinstatement (mentally recreate the original
3. Changing the order (try alternative ways through the timeline of
4. Changing the perspective (imagining how it would appear from other
viewpoints)…read more

Slide 3

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Cognitive Interview (CI)
AO1 · Step 1 +2 ­ If there is a consistency between the actual incident and
recreated situation, it is more likely that the witness will recall more
· Step 3+4 ­ It is productive to vary the different `routes' into an
individual's memory as it increases the chance of recall.…read more

Slide 4

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Evaluation of the Cognitive Interview (CI)
AO2 · Kohnkan et al. (1999)
· Meta analysis of 53 studies
· Found an average of 34% increase in the amount of correct information
generated from the use of the CI
· HOWEVER, most P's used were university students so findings are not applicable
· Milne + Bull (2002)
· Found that when they used a combination of steps 1+2, P's recall was
significantly higher
· P's showed no difference in recall when only ONE step was used
· Conclusion ­ two steps have to be used for the CI to be effective
· HOWEVER, this was a laboratory experiment so has low external validity meaning
that the findings cannot be applicable…read more

Slide 5

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Evaluation of the Cognitive Interview (CI)
AO2 · Mello + Fisher (1996)
· Both the standard interview and CI was used on older (72 years old)
and younger (22 years old) P's
· Conclusion ­ the CI was better for both groups and was significantly
better for the older group of P's
· Stein + Memon (2006)
· Compared the normal interviewing technique in Brazil (interrogative
and torture) to CI
· CI increased the amount of correct information obtained and the
richness of the information…read more

Slide 6

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Evaluation of the Cognitive Interview (CI)
AO2 · Kebell + Wagstaff (1996)
· CI is hard to evaluate as different police forces use different
· Kebell + Wagstaff
- Practical problems with CI = too time consuming and the police prefer
to use strategies that limit their time used…read more


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