COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT - KEY WORDS 2

key words 2 - cognitive development

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  • Created on: 18-06-12 11:57
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Key words 2
Object permanence: an object can exist independently of us in the world and continue to exist even
though we cannot see it
Formal operations: capable of abstract thought and able to form logical operations on hypothetical
objects and situations
Preoperational stage: understanding of the world is shaped by appearances rather than logical
thought
Abstract thinking: think about and solve problems in your imagination, often using language
Class inclusion: an understanding that some classes of objects include other subclasses of objects,
e.g. the class of `flowers' includes the class of `roses'
Egocentrism: inability to perceive the world or other people from the point of view of others
Sensorimotor stage: understanding of the world is restricted to sensations and movements, and the
here and now
Centration: tendency to deal with only one aspect of a situation at a time
Decentring: ability to take more than one factor into account when judging situations
Conservation: ability to understand that redistributing materials does not affect its mass, number of
volume
Concrete operations: able to perform logical operations on real (concrete) objects and situations

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