COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT - INTRODUCTION

introduction to the cognitive development module of a2 psychology unit 3

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  • Created on: 09-06-12 15:33
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Cognitive Development
How children develop from pre-birth to adolescence by looking at how they think.
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)
Originally a zoologist
Didn't like the idea the intelligence is fixed from birth
Believed that intelligence should be regarded as a `process': both biological maturation and
interaction with the environment were important
Piaget was the first person to study cognitive development scientifically and systematically
His theory was the most influential
Schemata
A schema is an internal representation of a specific physical or mental action
Innate reflexive schema, e.g. sucking
Schema develop as the child interacts with the world
Adaptation
The process by which the child changes its mental models of the world to match more closely
how the world actually is
As the child gets older its schemas become...
More complex
More numerous
More abstract
More interconnected

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