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Information Processing and Siegler
Information processing theories Siegler
The Information Processing approach assumes that a child has limited ability to process information
and, lacking experience, is not skilled at using techniques or strategies to help improve performance.
The IP Approach
As a child develops it...
o Learns more about the world
o Understands its own abilities and limitations
o Becomes capable of a greater variety of actions
Because of changes to its cognitive...
o `hardware' it can process more information, faster
o `software' it has more and better strategies
Robert Siegler proposed a rule assessment of procedure to explain how children problem solve.
As the child gets older the rules used become more complex and can be applied to an increasingly
wider range of problems.
This can be seen in Siegler's overlapping waves theory of problem solving.
Overlapping waves model
Children have a selection of problem-solving strategies available to them
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They will choose to use one in preference to another at any one time
The strategies compete against each other, with some proving to be more useful than others
Feedback of the effectiveness of each strategy is important and will help the child to decide
how effective that strategy is
As a result, the effective (adaptive) strategies survive and the less adaptive ones die out
Siegler's balance problems
Method: Siegler gave children different problems (simple weight/simple distance/complex
weight/complex distance) relating to different arrangement…read more