COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT - DEFINITIONS

definitions of cognitive development

a2 psychology unit 3

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  • Created on: 09-06-12 15:21
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Definitions
Adaptation ­ the process of developing schemas in response to experience of the world
Schema ­ a cognitive structure consisting of a set of linked mental representations of the world,
which we use to both understand and respond to situations
Piaget ­ his work focused on the attempt to understand the development of cognitive functioning in
children
Assimilation ­ adding to an existing schema or applying an existing schema to a new situation
Equilibrium ­ a state of cognitive balance
Discovery learning ­ learning things by discovering them for yourself as a result of active exploration.
Piaget assumed that children learn through active self discovery through play rather than instruction
Accommodation ­ changing an existing schema to deal with a new situation or developing a new
schema
Constructivism ­ a view of cognitive development which suggests that the child constructs a mental
model of the world
Disequilibrium ­ state of cognitive imbalance that occurs when incoming information conflicts with our
pre-existing understanding of the world. Leads to accommodation

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