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Cognitive Development









Caitlin Ward

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An Introduction into Cognitive Development
Cognitive development involves the way that humans grow and develop. We think
to find out what is happening around us. We use our senses to develop our
understanding of our environment. Babies and children develop using different
methods to older children and adults who have…

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Piaget's theory explores how children developed over time. Our intelligence
improves and gets better as we use and are involved in the environment around
us. We learn through the actions that we do and the outcome of them. Our
understanding increases and therefore our ability increases. It is as if…

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The majority of their time is spent looking around and examining their new
surroundings. The child uses its senses and body movements to learn and
understand. They have mastered the first actions such as sucking and touching
which are reflex actions. This places SCHEMAS on their mind, through their actions…

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problems. This can include using their schemas to remember and relate earlier
learning.

In-depth thinking is beginning to happen although there are many things that the
child cannot do or get right. Children are treating their toys for example, as if they
were alive and had feelings. This is called…

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Piaget created this experiment to test EGOCENTRISM. It tests whether the child
is able to see from someone else's point of view. There are three papier mache
mountains that were placed on a table. Each mountain had a different object on
it which was a hut and cross and snow.…

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Results: The experiment showed that younger children were unable to see what
the doll could see. This meant that they could only see from their perspective and
therefore had egocentrism. Four years olds always picked the photo from their
perspective. On the other hand, six years olds were sometimes aware…

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They also start to learn the concept of CONSERVATION. This is the ability to
understand when the same thing is in a different form. If an object looks like it has
changed, they understand that it is actually the same thing. Younger children will
think that as it is in…

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that they both had the same amount of counters. They understood the
conservation change.

Conclusion: Piaget concluded that children in the pre-operational stage were
unable to conserve as they could not work backwards in the question. As the
children got older and more developed, they were able to realise the…

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results. The study was ethical as they were able to give informed consent,
although the children may have not been fully aware of what was happening.

This research can be used in daily life as we are able to apply it into education. It
helps us understand the processes and…

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