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Exam questions that will be asked for this approach:

Question Available marks
Outline two assumptions of the cognitive approach 4 marks

Describe the attribution theory 8 marks
Describe how the cognitive approach has been applied in CBT 12 marks
Evaluate two strengths of the cognitive approach 6 marks
Evaluate two…

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Fritz Heider (1958) proposed a simplistic model of attribution. He categorised the beliefs about the
causes in two ways:
1. INTERNAL ATTRIBUTION ­ also known as dispositional behaviour. The person is
responsible for their behaviour e.g. their personality traits.

Someone trips over ­ the internal explanation would be that they…

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This is a table to show the covariation model works in a simple form:

Consensus Consistency Distinctiveness
Internal attribution Low High Low
External attribution High High High

There are some bias that come into action when judging people's behaviour, even though we may
think are judgements are logical.

Actor observer…

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One assumption of the cognitive approach is that it emphasises the work of the internal processes.
Therefore, negatives behaviour comes from negative thinking. The aim of Cognitive Behavioural
Therapy (CBT) is to fix the negative thinking. Beck came up with a negative triad and said that
these three things…

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Strengths and weaknesses of the approach
Strength Weakness
CBT has successful therapeutic application Reductionist ­ it ignores that there could be
(butler and beck supports this) other reasons apart from its own assumptions
It is a personalised form of therapy Deterministic ­ this is negative because it
(worksheets) which is…

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What are the strengths and weaknesses of using lab experiments?

Strength Weakness
Scientific which makes it repeatable and It has low ecological validity which means it is
reliable suggesting the results will be accurate not true to real life as the lab set up is
­ this makes it objective…

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Gives the ability to study rare and unique Case studies can't be generalised as they are
cases such as Clive Wearing specific to the individual
Provides in depth and qualitative evidence Can't be repeated which means it isn't as
reliable due to less control over extraneous


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