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Assumptions
Concentrates on individual's thought processes and their behaviour.
The abnormal behaviour is caused by disturbed, abnormal thoughts-faulty thinking.
How the individual perceives, anticipates and evaluates events, rather than the actually
event, that have the greatest impact on behaviour.
Mental illness is the result of inappropriate, disordered thinking.
Faulty irrational…

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Cognitive Processes
Over-generalisation: a conclusion is reached on the basis of one event or incident. E.g failing
a test means you're a failure at life.
Maximisation: maximising failures, e.g failing a puzzle and thinking general stupidity.
Minimisation: minimising successes, putting good grade down to luck.



Strengths Weaknesses
Concentrates on current…

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT is based on the assumption that much abnormal behaviour occurs as the result of disordered
cognitions or thinking. CBT is a name given to Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy.



Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy
Ellis developed REBT based on the idea that some people have persistent self-defeating
thoughts…

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