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Human Development and IntelligenceA48HDHeriot Watt University


Cognitive Development in Humans Notes
Methods for studying small humans:

To understand small people, we must first understand how we can study them accurately, without
causing them any harm.











Other methods include:

Eye tracking

Interviews

Brain scans






By: [email protected]

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Human Development and IntelligenceA48HDHeriot Watt University


Sorting out the world: Perception
What is the infant's visual world like?

William James (1890) state that the world of an infant is one `blooming buzzing confusion'. But is it
really?

It was found that infants have perceptual consistency, can detect patterns, and segregate…

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Human Development and IntelligenceA48HDHeriot Watt University







Depth Perception (or how far away is it anyway?)

At about 67months, infants become sensitive to a variety of monocular visual cues.
These cues enable the infant to perceive depth.
Gibson & Walk (1960): The Visual Cliff.
This experiment involved placing infants on
a…

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Human Development and IntelligenceA48HDHeriot Watt University






Piaget's theory
Jean Piaget is considered the founder of developmental psychology. He proposed a theory on
human development that consists of universal (irrespective of culture) stages children go through
that are invariant (all occur at roughly the same time for all children, without being…

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Human Development and IntelligenceA48HDHeriot Watt University

Hood and Wilatts (1986): Conducted an experiment where the light was turned off when an infant
was playing with a toy. They found that the infant still reached for the toy, suggesting
understanding of object permanence.



Violations of Expectancy (VOEs) and Counting:

Karen Wynn…

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Human Development and IntelligenceA48HDHeriot Watt University

45 year olds could tell it was a sponge but 3 year olds genuinely thought it was a rock as they
couldn't represent that appearances are deceiving.





Concrete Operational stage:

Here the child understands reversibility of some properties of objects, Conservation

There is a…

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Human Development and IntelligenceA48HDHeriot Watt University








Vygotsky: Sociocultural development
Language:

Put emphasis on the role of social interaction in the development of children. He stated that
language and counting development are paramount in allowing children to develop their
own thoughts.
He states that learning needs to come before development.

3…

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Human Development and IntelligenceA48HDHeriot Watt University












Social Stuff










By: [email protected]

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