Cluster 1 - Mind maps for each poem

These are some mind maps I made which cover all of the poems in the anthology's Cluster 2. Each poem has its own mindmap which is split into 5 sections:

 1) The big idea (the intro to your essay)

 2) Its context (para two)

 3) Themes and language devices (para three)

 4) Structure (para four)

 5) Your personal response - the conclusion

In the exam we have to compare 2 poems, so I have planned to structure my essay in 5 paragraghs as above (:

Each paragragh should be like a sandwich with:

Bread: The point you are making (eg what the structure is like, or what the context is)

Filling 1: How this appears in Poem A

Filling 2: How this appears in Poem B

Bread: Your conclusion on this point

My exams start with English in about two weeks and I'm really nervous, so guess others are too. I understand that usually one persons notes may not mean anything to anyone else but I hope this helps some people! (: 

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  • Created by: Paige
  • Created on: 03-05-11 15:55
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Nothing's Changed ­ Tatamkhulu Afrika
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~Racial discrimination
~Anger at injustice in .............................................
society .............................................
~ Childhood memories
~ Assonance ­ `Brash with glass' `Spit a little'
~ Metaphor ­ `The clear panes' = invisible barrier
between races.
~ Long sentences and repetition of `and' build up fierce
South Africa's wasteland of what
`physical' anger . `hot, white, inward turning anger of
used to be District Six. (like it
my eyes'.
wasn't even worth a proper
name). Blacks were evicted and
~ Pun ­ `whites only inn.' and `crushed ice white glass,
promised new homes were
linen falls,' Contrasts with `working man's café sells
never built. Now redeveloped for
bunny chows...eat it at a plastic tables top'. = illegal
whites. `Amiable weeds' ­
Verses follow him on his `journey' ­ racial segregation .
friendly to blacks, hard to get rid
of whites. poem divided into two parts by `No
sign says it is: but we know where ~ Afrika (an educated man) uses standard English until
we belong'. This also symbolises line 32 where he then changes to how blacks were
segregation/ shows discrimination thought to speak because he was made to feel a `boy
still exists. again'.
~ because `nothing's changed' his `hands burn for
stone, a bomb to shiver down the glass.'
~Sarcasm ­ `It's in the bone'.…read more

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Limbo ­ Edward Brathwaite
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~ Slavery
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~ Cruelty/ inhumanity .............................................
~ History and tradition
~ Survival
~ Limbo stick = symbol of oppression. The stick
getting closer to the ground `Down, down, down.' =
closer to being a total slave.
~ Negative/violent words = cruelty ­ `Stick is the whip
and the dark deck is slavery'
Limbo Dance = Metaphor for
the journey made by the slaves. ~Metaphorical rape ­ `Knees spread wide'
In state of Limbo ­ between ~ Fear of `dark' and `silence' . And they've been
heaven and hell. deserted by the Gods ­ `Drum stick knock' is a way of
communication but Gods are `dumb'.
1 very long sentence = flow of the
dance. ~ Under laying anger ends with positive words `Sun',
Strong rhythm and rhyme echoes `Gods are raising me' . There is then success in the
the limbo music. dance, `Up, up, up.' and `music is saving me'. This is a
Words in italics capture rhythm Metaphor for hope, survival and slavery being
and emphasise the theme. abolished.
~ 3 parts ­ 1) Slaves herded on to ship -> `Stick hit
sound and the ship like it ready' 2)The voyage -> `long
dark deck and the water surrounding me' 3) Arriving
in the West Indies -> `Hot, slow step on the burning
ground'…read more

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Two Scavengers In A Truck, Two Beautiful People In A Mercedes ­ Lawrence Ferlinghetti
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~ Social Inequality .............................................
~ Democracy .............................................
~ political protest ­
inequality and gentrifying .............................................
of San Fransisco.
~Contrasts ­> to underline social inequality.
Scavengers/beautiful people, truck/Mercedes, red
plastic blazers/ hip three piece linen suit'
~ Hard work `up since 4 am' `grungy' ­ older ­ `grey
San Francisco at a set of traffic iron hair' `hunched back like some gargoyle
lights. 2 garbage men pull up Quasimodo' = ugliness/outcast compared to easy life
next to a glamorous couple in a of an architect up since 9 am.
Mercedes. The moment in time
is caught like a photograph. ~ Sarcastic alliteration `cool couple' and ironic
Metaphor ­ As close as they'll repetition of `elegant' as if in `some odourless t.v. ad'
ever be. = they are unlikeable = there is under laying anger.
Unusual layout on the page =
fragmented society. ~ Ironic similarity `the younger of the two also with
No punctuation = allows the scene sin glasses and long hair about the same age as the
to unfold but also makes it seem Mercedes driver'
like a very short moment in time ­
a snapshot. ~ Question the `American dream' - `in which
everything is always possible' and if America really is
a democracy `small gulf on the high seas of this
democracy'.…read more

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What Were They Like? ­ Denise Levertov .............................................
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~ Atrocities of War .............................................
~ Genocide ­ destruction
of culture
~ Political protest ~ Contrast ­ life before war (`their life was in rice and
~ Violence/conflict bamboo' `peaceful clouds were reflected in the paddies'
`water buffalo stepped surely along terraces'.) With life
after war (`after the children were killed' `laughter is
bitter to the burnt mouth' `all the bones were charred'
`when the bombs smashed those mirrors there was
time only to scream.')
Vietnam - during war between
~ Poetic phrases ­ `delight in blossom' `their singing
north and south Americans.
resembled the flight of moths in moonlight' = A
Poet celebrates the peaceful
Metaphor for how fragile and easily killed they were
place and gentle people before
and alliteration shows how peaceful they were.
the war. Then images genocide if
war does not end.
~ Positive language describes people and culture
`lanterns of stone, ceremonies reverence the opening of
2 stanzas. Straight forward buds, quiet laughter, ornament, epic poem, speech and
questions on aspects of culture then singing, fathers told their sons old tales'
complex answers = a future
conversation. ~ Rhetorical question ­ `who can say?' - person
Could be discussion between a answering doesn't have the answers.
Vietnamese and a tourist/historian?
Free Verse = Captures rhythm of ~Sad and bitter tone to answers ­ feeling of uncertainty
speech. and sadness ­ memories of people and their culture are
fading. `There is an echo yet' `It was reported'.
~ Repetition ­ `Its not remembered'…read more

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Vultures ­ Chinua Achebe .............................................
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~ War
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~ Genocide .............................................
~ Mankind's free will ­
capacity for good and evil.
~ Metaphors ask questions ­ a `tiny glow-worm
tenderness encapsulated in icy caverns of a cruel heart'
or `in the very germ or that kindred love is lodged the
perpetuity of evil' ­ ending is pessimistic ­ suggests he
despairs of mankind.
~ Vultures are disgusting ­ `ate the things in its bowel'
but behave instinctively and surprisingly loving y
`inclined affectionately' whereas Mankind has freewill
Nigeria ­ Biafran Civil War 1967
and can make choices SO Commandant is an
­ 70 and Belsen concentration
abomination/evil and vile `fumes of human roast
camp. Western readers
clinging rebelliously to his hairy nostrils' There is some
unfamiliar with the war know
love in `daddy' buying sweets for terrible irony as they
about attempted genocide of
Divided into 2 sections ­ an are for his `tender offspring'.
Jews.
example and a conclusion from it.
Ellipsis `...strange', `...thus', = ~ Personification ­ poet wonders why `Love' has `her
development of ideas. face turned to the wall' in `that charnel house'
Free Verse, with short lines and no
end stop of them = way the poets ~ Double meaning `broken bone of a dead tree' and
thoughts flow. vultures `cold telescopic eyes' = war landscapes
emphasised by violent words ­ `bashed-in head'
`swollen corpse in a water logged trench'
~ Bleak mood ­ `drizzle' `despondent dawn' ( Heavy
sounding alliteration)…read more

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